TITLE

Multivariate curve resolution: a method of evaluating the kinetics of biotechnological reactions

AUTHOR(S)
Kessler, W.; Kessler, R. W.
PUB. DATE
March 2006
SOURCE
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Mar2006, Vol. 384 Issue 5, p1087
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
In biotechnology, strong emphasis is placed on the development of wet chemical analysis and chromatography to separate target components from a complex matrix. In bioprocessing, the development of single compound biosensors is an important activity. The advantages of these techniques are their high sensitivity and specificity. Inline or online monitoring by means of spectroscopy has the potential to be used as an “all-in-one” analysis technique for biotechnological studies, but it lacks specificity. Multivariate curve resolution (MCR) can be used to overcome this limitation. MCR is able to extract the number of components involved in a complex spectral feature, to attribute the resulting spectra to chemical compounds, to quantify the individual spectral contributions, and to use this quantification to develop kinetic models for the process with or without a priori knowledge. After a short introduction to MCR, two applications are presented. In the first example, the spectral features of hemp are monitored and analysed during growth. MCR provides unperturbed spectra on the activity of, for example, lignin and cellulose during plant development. In a second example, the kinetics of a laccase enzyme-catalysed degradation of aromatic hydrocarbons are calculated from UV/VIS spectra.
ACCESSION #
19933216

 

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