Must All be Saved? A Kierkegaardian Response to Theological Universalism

Mulder, Jack
February 2006
International Journal for Philosophy of Religion;Feb2006, Vol. 59 Issue 1, p1
Academic Journal
In this paper, I consider how a Kierkegaardian could respond critically to the question of strong theological universalism, i.e., the belief that all individuals must eventually be reconciled to God and experience everlasting happiness. A Kierkegaardian would likely reject what Thomas Talbott has called �conservative theism,� but has the resources to mount a sustained attack on the view that all individuals must experience everlasting happiness. Some have seen that Kierkegaard has some potential in this regard, but a full Kierkegaardian response to strong theological universalism has yet to be given. In this paper, I give such an account.


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