Identifying the Characteristics of Strong Southerly Wind Events at Casey Station in East Antarctica Using a Numerical Weather Prediction System

Adams, Neil
December 2005
Monthly Weather Review;Dec2005, Vol. 133 Issue 12, p3548
Academic Journal
Casey Station in East Antarctica is not often subject to strong southerly flow off the Antarctic continent but when such events occur, operations at the station are often adversely impacted. Not only are the dynamics of such events poorly understood, but the forecasting of such occurrences is difficult. The following study uses model output from a 12-month experiment using the Antarctic Limited-Area Prediction System (ALAPS) to advance the understanding of the dynamics of such events and postulates that what are often described as katabatic wind events are more likely to be synoptic in scale, with mid- and upper-level tropospheric dynamics forcing the surface layer flow. Strong surface layer flows that have a katabatic signature commonly develop on the steep Antarctic escarpment but rarely extend out over the coast in the Casey area, most probably as a result of cold air damming. However, the development of a strong south-southwesterly jet over Casey provides a mechanism whereby the katabatic can move out off the coast.


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