TITLE

Plant- and Soil-Parameter-Caused Uncertainty of Predicted Surface Fluxes

AUTHOR(S)
Mölders, Nicole
PUB. DATE
December 2005
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Dec2005, Vol. 133 Issue 12, p3498
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Simulated surface fluxes depend on one or more empirical plant or soil parameters that have a standard deviation (std dev). Thus, simulated fluxes will have a stochastic error (or std dev) resulting from the parameters’ std dev. Gaussian error propagation (GEP) principles are used to calculate the std dev for fluxes predicted by the hydro–thermodynamic soil–vegetation scheme to identify prediction limitations due to stochastic errors, parameterization weaknesses, and critical parameters, and to prioritize which parameters to measure with higher accuracy. Relative errors of net radiation, sensible, latent, and ground heat flux, on average, are 7%, 10%, 6%, and 26%, respectively. The analysis identified the parameterization of thermal conductivity as the dominant influence on the std dev of ground heat flux. For net radiation, critical parameters are vegetation fraction and ground emissivity; for sensible and latent heat fluxes, vegetation fraction. Minimum stomatal resistance and leaf area index dominate the std dev of stomatal resistance for most vegetation and soil types. The empirical parameters with the highest relative error are not necessarily the greatest contributors to the std dev of the predicted flux. Based on the analysis high priority should be given to measurements of vegetation fraction, ground emissivity, minimum stomatal resistance, leaf area index in general, and the permanent wilting point and field capacity for clay and clay loam. Moreover, further specification of clay-type soils and tundra-type vegetation may improve the accuracy of the lower boundary condition in Arctic numerical weather prediction. Since GEP showed itself able to identify critical parameters and (parts of) parameterizations, GEP analysis could form a basis for parameterization intercomparisons and for parameter determination aimed at improving models.
ACCESSION #
19821539

 

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