TITLE

The Dependence of Numerically Simulated Cyclic Mesocyclogenesis upon Environmental Vertical Wind Shear

AUTHOR(S)
Adlerman, Edwin J.; Droegemeier, Kelvin K.
PUB. DATE
December 2005
SOURCE
Monthly Weather Review;Dec2005, Vol. 133 Issue 12, p3595
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Building upon the authors’ previous work that examined the dynamics of numerically simulated cyclic mesocyclogenesis and its dependence upon model physical and computational parameters, this study likewise uses idealized numerical simulations to investigate associated dependencies upon ambient vertical wind shear. Specifically, the authors examine variations in hodograph shape, shear magnitude, and shear distribution, leading to storms with behavior ranging from steady state to varying degrees of aperiodic occluding cyclic mesocyclogenesis. However, the authors also demonstrate that a different mode of nonoccluding cyclic mesocyclogenesis may occur in certain environments. Straight hodographs (unidirectional shear) produce only nonoccluding cyclic mesocyclogenesis. Introducing some curvature by adding a quarter circle of turning at low levels results in steady, nonoccluding, and occluding modes. When a higher degree of curvature is introduced—for example, turning through half and three-quarter circles—the tendency for nonoccluding behavior is diminished. None of the full-circle hodographs exhibited cycling during 4 h of simulation. Overall, within a given storm, the preferred mode of cycling is related principally to hodograph shape and magnitude of the ambient vertical shear.
ACCESSION #
19821532

 

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