Pharmacological Therapy for Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome
- Corticosteroids in pediatric ARDS: all cards on the table. Schwingshackl, Andreas; Meduri, Gianfranco; Kimura, Dai; Cormier, Stephania; Anand, Kanwaljeet; Meduri, Gianfranco Umberto; Cormier, Stephania A; Anand, Kanwaljeet J S // Intensive Care Medicine;Nov2015, Vol. 41 Issue 11, p2036
A letter to the editor is presented in response to articles in a 2015 issue including "Corticosteroid Exposure in Pediatric Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome," by N. Yehya and colleagues and "Corticosteroids for Paediatric ARDS: Unjustified--Even Unjustifiable?," by M. J. Peters and colleagues.
- Risk of Acute Lung Injury/Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome in Critically Ill Adult Patients with Pre-Existing Diabetes: A Meta-Analysis. Gu, Wan-Jie; Wan, You-Dong; Tie, Hong-Tao; Kan, Quan-Cheng; Sun, Tong-Wen // PLoS ONE;Feb2014, Vol. 9 Issue 2, p1
Background: The impact of pre-existing diabetes on the development of acute lung injury/acute respiratory distress syndrome (ALI/ARDS) in critically ill patients remains unclear. We performed a meta-analysis of cohort studies to evaluate the risk of ALI/ARDS in critically ill patients with and...
- respiratory failure, acute. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p1886
A definition of the term "respiratory failure, acute" is presented. It refers to a state of impairment in oxygenation in which the arterial oxygen tension falls below 60 mm Hg. Treatment of this disorder depends on the underlying cause of the respiratory failure.
- acute respiratory distress syndrome. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p39
A definition of the medical term "acute respiratory distress syndrome" is presented. Acute respiratory distress syndrome refers to the respiratory insufficiency marked by progressive hypoxemia which is a result from severe inflammatory damage of the alveolar-capillary membrane. It may result...
- ARDS. // Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary;2005, p161
The arcronym ARDS, which stands for acute respiratory distress syndrome or adult respiratory distress syndrome is presented.
- Positive End-Expiratory Pressure Setting in Adults With Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Mercat, Alain; Richard, Jean-Christopher M.; Vielle, Bruno; Jaber, Samir; Osman, David; Diehl, Jean-Luc; Lefrant, Jean-Yves; Prat, Giemaël; Richecoeur, Jack; Nieszkowska, Ania; Gervais, Claude; Baudot, Jérôme; Bouadma, Lila; Brochard, Laurent // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;2/13/2008, Vol. 299 Issue 6, p646
The article discusses research which compared the effect on outcome of a strategy for setting positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) aimed at increasing alveolar recruitment while limiting hyperinflation to one aimed at minimizing alvolear distension in patients with acute lung injury (ALI)....
- Prediction Model for Critically Ill Patients with Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Zhang, Zhongheng; Ni, Hongying // PLoS ONE;Mar2015, Vol. 10 Issue 3, p1
Background and objectives: Acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) is a major cause respiratory failure in intensive care unit (ICU). Early recognition of patients at high risk of death is of vital importance in managing them. The aim of the study was to establish a prediction model by using...
- Blame the Gut Bacteria! // AARC Times;Nov2016, Vol. 40 Issue 11, p35
The article focuses on a study related to entry of gut bacteria in lungs conducted by researchers from the University of Michigan. Topics discussed include observation of gut bacteria impact over acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) patients, utilization of different genetic tools for...
- Ventilation Strategy Using Low Tidal Volumes, Recruitment Maneuvers, and High Positive End-Expiratory Pressure for Acute Lung Injury and Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome. Meade, Maureen O.; Cook, Deborah J.; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Slutsky, Arthur S.; Arabi, Yaseen M.; Cooper, D. James; Davies, Andrew R.; Hand, Lori E.; Qi Zhou; Thabane, Lehana; Austin, Peggy; Lapinsky, Stephen; Baxter, Alan; Russell, James; Skrobik, Yoanna; Ronco, Juan J.; Stewart, Thomas E. // JAMA: Journal of the American Medical Association;2/13/2008, Vol. 299 Issue 6, p637
The article presents a discussion of research which compared an established low tidal-volume ventilation strategy with an experimental strategy based on the original open lung approach combining low tidal volume, lung recruitment maneuvers and high positive end expiratory pressure. The research...