TITLE

Breath-Group Intelligibility in Dysarthria: Characteristics and Underlying Correlates

AUTHOR(S)
Yunusova, Yana; Weismer, Gary; Kent, Ray D.; Rusche, Nicole M.
PUB. DATE
December 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2005, Vol. 48 Issue 6, p1294
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: This study was designed to determine whether within-speaker fluctuations in speech intelligibility occurred among speakers with dysarthria who produced a reading passage, and, if they did, whether selected linguistic and acoustic variables predicted the variations in speech intelligibility. Method: Participants with dysarthria included a total of 10 persons with Parkinson's disease and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis; a control group of 10 neurologically normal speakers was also studied. Each participant read a passage that was subsequently separated into consecutive breath groups for estimates of individual breath group intelligibility. Sixty listeners participated in 2 perceptual experiments, generating intelligibility scores across speakers and for each breath group produced by speakers with dysarthria. Results: Individual participants with dysarthria had fluctuations in intelligibility across breath groups. Breath groups of participants with dysarthria had fewer average words and reduced interquartile ranges for the 2nd formant, the latter a global measure of articulatory mobility. Regression analyses with intelligibility measures as the criterion variable and linguistic and acoustic measures as predictor variables produced significant functions both within and across speakers, but the solutions were not the same. Conclusions: Linguistic or acoustic variables that predict across-speaker variations in speech intelligibility may not function in the same way when within-speaker variations in intelligibility are considered.
ACCESSION #
19754628

 

Related Articles

  • Language Delays – Taking It Out On Peers. Orloff, Susan N. Schriber // Exceptional Parent;Sep2005, Vol. 35 Issue 9, p109 

    Offers advice on special education for speech and language delay options in Orange County, California. Social skills deficits exhibited by language delay children; Services offered at the Jay Nolan Camp in Wrightwood; Specialization of the Quest Day Camp; Activities at the Success Oriented...

  • Treatment Effects on Speech Intelligibility and Length of Utterance in Children with Specific Language and Intelligibility Impairments. Yoder, Paul; Camarata, Stephen; Gardner, Elizabeth // Journal of Early Intervention;Fall2005, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p34 

    This purpose of this randomized group experiment was (a) to test the post-treatment (i.e., immediately after treatment) and follow-up (i.e., 8 months after the end of treatment) efficacy of a treatment designed to facilitate both sentence length and speech intelligibility (i.e., broad target...

  • Speech disorders encountered in routine ENT practice and the role of speech therapy in its effective management. Dave, Jay; Sinha, Vikas; Barot, Dilavar; Modi, Niral; Gurnani, Deepanshu; Patel, Toral // Indian Journal of Otology;Oct2013, Vol. 19 Issue 4, p169 

    Aim: To study speech disorders encountered in routine ENT practice and the role of speech therapy in its effective management. Material and Methods: The present study was carried out on 60 patients, who were presented to the out patient department of E.N.T., M.P.SHAH MEDICAL COLEGE, JAMNAGAR...

  • PERIODICAL ARTICLES AND PAMPHLETS: SPEECH IMPAIRMENTS.  // Exceptional Children;Nov1957, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p142 

    Several articles about speech impairments are presented including "Evaluation of Special School for Speech Defective Children," by Charles F. Diehl and Kenneth W. Burk, "Progress in Speech Therapy in Relation to Personality," by Louis Lerea and "A Clinical Evaluation of Speech Deficiencies in...

  • From the Editor. Coufal, Kathy L. // Communication Disorders Quarterly;Winter2003, Vol. 24 Issue 2, p50 

    Introduces a series of articles about communication disorders and speech-language pathology.

  • Treatment Model in Children with Speech Disorders and Its Therapeutic Efficiency. Barberena, Luciana; Keske-Soares, Márcia; Cervi, Taís; Brandão, Mariane // International Archives of Otorhinolaryngology;2014, Vol. 18 Issue 3, p283 

    Introduction Speech articulation disorders affect the intelligibility of speech. Studies on therapeutic models show the effectiveness of the communication treatment. Objective To analyze the progress achieved by treatment with the ABAB-Withdrawal and Multiple Probes Model in children with...

  • Functional articulatory Disorders. Gott, Sylvia Rulff; Milisen, Robert // Education;Apr1960, Vol. 80 Issue 8, p468 

    The article examines the functional speech problems which plague children. Such articulation problems include the omission of sounds, substitution of sounds, and distortion of sounds. It notes that if parents, teachers, and speech therapists are working together, much can be accomplished with...

  • Back to School: Why the Speech-Language Pathologist Belongs in the Classroom. Nippold, Marilyn A. // Language, Speech & Hearing Services in Schools;Oct2010, Vol. 41 Issue 4, p377 

    The article focuses on the need of a speech-language pathologist in the classroom. It indicates that a speech-language pathologist provides specialized assistance to students with language disorder. It claims that professional assistance allows them to develop their spoken and written language...

  • language pathology (19th century- ) Medicine/Linguistics.  // Dictionary of Theories;2002, p304 

    A definition of the term "language pathology" is presented. It refers to the broad field that contains several sub-areas and approaches like clinical linguistics, speech therapy, and neurolonguistics. It discusses the causes and characteristics of various speech and language disorders and their...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics