TITLE

Endoscopic Approaches to Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding

AUTHOR(S)
Stiegmann, Greg V.
PUB. DATE
February 2006
SOURCE
American Surgeon;Feb2006, Vol. 72 Issue 2, p111
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Treatment for most patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding has shifted from the operating room to the endoscopy suite. Endoscopic treatment has resulted in substantial benefit for patients with bleeding from peptic ulcer. Ulcers associated with high-risk stigmata of recent hemorrhage (SRH) not treated endoscopically have 40 per cent to 100 per cent risk of continued or recurrent bleeding and up to a 35 per cent chance of requiring surgical control of bleeding. Endoscopic therapy has reduced the risk of recurrent bleeding to 10 per cent to 20 per cent and the need for surgery to 5 per cent to 10 per cent. These improvements translate to shorter hospital stays, fewer transfusions, lower costs, and less morbidity. Similar progress has been made for patients bleeding from esophageal varices. Mortality for a first variceal bleed is now approximately 20 per cent as compared with 40 per cent to 60 per cent in past decades. Rebleeding after initially successful endoscopic hemostasis is often best treated by a second attempt at endoscopic control. The decision regarding management of recurrent bleeding should be made at the time initial endoscopic control is achieved. Local factors such as experience of the endoscopic team, availability of interventional radiologists, and individual patient characteristics should guide these decisions. Failures of endoscopic control and patients with massive hemorrhage still require operative intervention.
ACCESSION #
19750263

 

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