Construction of glucose biosensor based on sorption of glucose oxidase onto multilayers of polyelectrolyte/nanoparticles

Suxia Zhang; Weiwei Yang; Yaming Niu; Yancai Li; Ming Zhang; Changqing Sun
January 2006
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Jan2006, Vol. 384 Issue 3, p736
Academic Journal
A new approach to constructing an enzyme-containing film on the surface of a gold electrode for use as a biosensor is described. A basic multilayer film (BMF) of (PDDA/GNPs) n /PDDA was first constructed on the gold electrode by electrostatic layer-by-layer self-assembly of poly(diallyldimethylammonium chloride) (PDDA) and gold nanoparticles (GNPs). Glucose oxidase (GOx) was then sorbed into this BMF by dipping the BMF-modified electrode into a GOx solution. The assembly of the BMF was monitored and tested via UV-vis spectroscopy and cyclic voltammetry (CV). The ferrocenemethanol-mediated cyclic voltammograms obtained from the gold electrode modified with the (PDDA/GNPs) n /PDDA/GOx indicated that the assembled GOx remained electrocatalytically active for the oxidation of glucose. Analysis of the voltammetric signals showed that the surface coverage of active enzyme was a linear function of the number of PDDA/GNPs bilayers. This result confirmed the penetration of GOx into the BMF and suggests that the BMF-based enzyme film forms in a uniform manner. Electrochemical impedance measurements revealed that the biosensor had a lower electron transfer resistance ( R et) than that of a sensor prepared by layer-by-layer assembly of PDDA and GOx, due to the presence of gold nanoparticles. The sensitivity of the biosensor for the determination of glucose, which could be controlled by adjusting the number of PDDA/GNPs bilayers, was investigated.


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