TITLE

Comparison of mutagenic potentials and mutation spectra of benzene metabolites using supF shuttle vectors in human cells

AUTHOR(S)
Nakayama, Aki; Noguchi, Yoshihiro; Mori, Toshiaki; Morisawa, Shinsuke; Yagi, Takashi
PUB. DATE
March 2004
SOURCE
Mutagenesis;Mar2004, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p91
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Benzene is a human leukemogen and the metabolites are thought to be deeply involved in benzene leukemogenesis. In a previous study we reported the molecular analysis of p‐benzoquinone (p‐BQ) mutagenesis by using a supF shuttle vector plasmid and here we report the mutagenesis of the other metabolites, hydroquinone (HQ) and trans, trans‐muconaldehyde (MUC). HQ is a precursor of p‐BQ and MUC is produced by a ring‐opening metabolic pathway. We found that the HQ redox cycle produced an oxidative lesion in plasmid DNA and significant differences among the mutagenic potentials of MUC, HQ and p‐BQ. HQ has stronger mutagenicity than the others. It is about 20 and 600 times stronger than p‐BQ and MUC, respectively. Furthermore, we found notable differences in each mutational feature. The MUC mutational type was characterized by a high frequency of tandem base substitutions that could be due to crosslinks produced by its aldehyde moieties, while HQ was characterized by frequent deletion. This HQ feature is the same as invivo benezene mutagenesis of Big Blue mice reported by Provost et al. in 1996 and is also quite similar to a hydrogen peroxide mutational feature. Therefore, we presume that HQ and reactive oxygen species may play an important role in benzene carcinogenesis.
ACCESSION #
19673584

 

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