TITLE

Review: Increased physical activity and combined dietary changes reduce mortality in coronary artery disease: COMMENTARY

AUTHOR(S)
Smith, Donald
PUB. DATE
January 2006
SOURCE
ACP Journal Club;Jan/Feb2006, Vol. 144 Issue 1, p16
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The article comments on a clinical study which analyses the effects of dietary and lifestyle changes on all-cause mortality in patients with coronary artery disease. The study authors examine an irrefutable outcome, all-cause mortality, to determine whether interventions for these high-risk patients are worthwhile. Randomized clinical trials support a 25% reduction in mortality from exercise programs after myocardial infarction (MI) and a 45% reduction from a combination of dietary changes, including increased intake of such fiber-rich foods as fruits, vegetables, nuts, and legumes; fish; and unsaturated fatty acid in oils or special margarines. Fish oil was seen to be associated with a 20% reduction in death in patients after MI, but the evidence is less than definitive.
ACCESSION #
19516002

 

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