Complex Venous and Arterial Reconstruction with Deep Vein After Pelvic Exenterative Surgery: A Case Report

Ali, Ahsan T.; Clagett, G. Patrick; Edwards, Michael J.
January 2006
American Surgeon;Jan2006, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p22
Academic Journal
Effective local regional control for solid tumor malignancies is dependent upon prerequisite surgical excision with negative margins. Invasion of contiguous adjacent structures, particularly in anatomical spaces of limited size, may preclude the surgical goal of histologically negative margins. From a historical perspective, the invasion of vascular structures in the pelvis has proved to be a significant limitation in achieving local regional disease control with surgical resection. In recent years, advances in the field of vascular surgery have caused us to reassess the historical criteria of resectability when blood vessels are focally invaded by malignancy. En bloc resection of adjacent vessels has been reported primarily with head and neck extirpations and increasingly with hepatobiliary and pancreatic lesions. In many cases, where the local vasculature is invaded or impinged by the tumor, venous structures are often ligated while arteries are bypassed with an appropriate conduit. In pelvic exenterative surgery, significant morbidity from chronic limb edema and deep venous thrombosis may result from the ligation of larger veins. This is especially the case when multiple major venous structures such as the common and the external iliac vein, as well as the hypogastric vein, are all simultaneously interrupted. To the best of our knowledge, there is no prior report examining venous reconstruction using the femoral vein for pelvic exenterative surgery requiring major iliac artery and venous resection. Herein we describe a case of a complex vascular reconstruction after pelvic exenterative surgery in a patient with recurrent rectal cancer invading multiple adjacent contiguous structures, including the iliac vessels.


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