TITLE

Prelinguistic Predictors of Vocabulary in Young Children With Autism Spectrum Disorders

AUTHOR(S)
McDuffie, Andrea; Yoder, Paul; Stone, Wendy
PUB. DATE
October 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Oct2005, Vol. 48 Issue 5, p1080
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Purpose: The goal of the current study was to identify a predictive model of vocabulary comprehension and production in a group of young children with autism spectrum disorders. Four prelinguistic behaviors were selected for consideration as predictors based on theoretical and empirical support for the relationship of these behaviors to language development. Method: The study used a longitudinal correlational design. Participants were twenty-nine 2- and 3-year-olds diagnosed with autism spectrum disorders. The prelinguistic behaviors--attention-following, motor imitation, commenting, and requesting--were measured at the initial visit. Vocabulary comprehension and production were measured 6 months later. Results: Commenting was the only unique predictor of comprehension after the degree of cognitive delay was controlled. Both commenting and motor imitation of actions without objects were unique predictors of production over and above the other skills and when the degree of cognitive delay was controlled. Conclusions: The finding that both commenting and motor imitation simultaneously accounted for unique variance in vocabulary production is new to the literature and requires replication. However, results suggest that increasing behaviors that allow children with autism to make their current focus of attention obvious to social partners may be an effective approach for supporting word learning in young children with autism.
ACCESSION #
19434713

 

Related Articles

  • released schedule.  // Tribute;Oct2006, Vol. 23 Issue 7, p51 

    The article presents a list of motion pictures scheduled for release in Canada in October 2006. They include Alex Rider: Operation Stormbreaker, directed by Geoffrey Sax, starring Alicia Silverstone and Ewan McGregor, The Departed, directed by Martin Scorsese, starring Leonardo DiCaprio and Matt...

  • Vocabulary Learning in a Yorkshire Terrier: Slow Mapping of Spoken Words. Griebel, Ulrike; Kimbrough Oller, D. // PLoS ONE;Feb2012, Vol. 7 Issue 2, p1 

    Rapid vocabulary learning in children has been attributed to "fast mapping", with new words often claimed to be learned through a single presentation. As reported in 2004 in Science a border collie (Rico) not only learned to identify more than 200 words, but fast mapped the new words,...

  • KICKSHAWS NOVEMBER 2013.  // Word Ways: The Journal of Recreational Linguistics;Nov2013, Vol. 46 Issue 4, p286 

    Several letters to the editor are presented, which includes one by Bill Brandt on two antonyms and another by Jeremy Morse on words starting with a pair of consultants.

  • LEXICAL CHANGES IN ZHANGUO TEXTS. Pines, Yuri // Journal of the American Oriental Society;Oct-Dec2002, Vol. 122 Issue 4, p691 

    Explores the lexical differences among several historical and philosophical texts composed between the fifth and the third centuries B.C. Changes in the usage of seven major terms of philosophical and political discourse; Factors that may have contributed to a reluctance to continue systematic...

  • Another Perspective on Vocabulary Richness. Hoover, David L. // Computers & the Humanities;May2003, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p151 

    This article examines the usefulness of vocabulary richness for authorship attribution and tests the assumption that appropriate measures of vocabulary richness can capture an author's distinctive style or identity. After briefly discussing perceived and actual vocabulary richness, I show that...

  • What's that word?  // Scholastic News -- Edition 5/6;12/3/2007, Vol. 76 Issue 10, p2 

    The article defines several English words. The term gradual is described as taking place slowly but steadily. The word expand refers to increase in size or depth. Exchange is to give one thing and receive another. Ravage is to wreak havoc or to affect destructively. A guide for the pronunciation...

  • PRELIMINARY STUDIES FOR MACHINE GENERATED INDEX VOCABULARIES. Meetham, A. R. // Language & Speech;Jan-Mar63, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p22 

    This article presents a preliminary studies for machine generated index vocabularies. The vocabulary of descriptors was generated by first finding all possible pairs of words whose rate of co-occurrence within the same document was abnormally high. Then by various alternative rules, these...

  • exo—.  // American Heritage Student Science Dictionary;2009, p122 

    An encyclopedia entry on the prefix "exo" is presented. This prefix means "outside" or "external," as in exoskeleton.

  • Scarcely Used Words.  // Vocabula Review;Feb2002, Vol. 4 Issue 2, p1 

    The article presents scarcely used words that can broaden one's understanding of self. They include epicene, lucubration, necromancy, proboscis and verbigeration. Epicene means having both male and female characteristics. Lucubration is a laborious or intensive study. On the other hand,...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics