Mockeliūnas, Raimundas; Sederevičius, Antanas; Šalomskas, Algirdas; Mockeliūnienė, Violeta; Mačiulskis, Petras; Jacevičius, Eugenijus
December 2005
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2005, Vol. 32 Issue 54, p16
Academic Journal
An analysis was conducted to describe the features of morbidity and mortality of cattle population in Lithuania. At the last decade total cattle population in Lithuania continuously decreased. However, the average milk yield per cow increased from 3228 to 4003 kg/year. In Lithuania, most dairy farms (>95%) are owned and run by small family farms with average from 1 to 9 dairy cows. It is estimated, that the proportion of diseased cattle varies from 11.1% to 13.9%. Prevalence of enteric, respiratory organ diseases and mastitis was prevailing, and the prevalence of such diseases decreased from 5.0%, 2.6% and 2.8% in 1999 to 3.5%, 1.8% and 2.6% in 2002, respectively. The death rate of cattle have shown tendency to decrease from 0,08 in 1999 to 0,05 3 in 2002. The cattle mortality due to enteric and respiratory organ diseases was significantly higher compared to the death rate from reproductive, metabolic diseases or mastitis (p<0.05).


Related Articles

  • Untitled.  // Farmers Weekly;3/14/2014, Vol. 161 Issue 9, p31 

    The article offers updates on a dairy farm in Aberdeenshire, Scotland as of March 2014. The farm held its quarterly meeting and tackled the process and value of farm budgets. Pre-weaning mortality on the farm is 12%, but returns have increased to 7% in the previous six months. Also noted is the...

  • Clinical Forum: Control of the Bovine Respiratory Disease Complex. Caldow, George; Anderson, Robert; Cutler, Keith; MacFarlane, John; Potter, Tim // Livestock (Electronic);Jan2011, Vol. 16 Issue 1, p29 

    ABSTRACT: Bovine respiratory disease (BRD) complex remains a significant cause of calf morbidity and mortality in both dairy and beef production in the UK. The respiratory tract offers a vulnerable interphase between the animal and the viruses and commensal bacteria involved in the complex. The...

  • Environmental aspects of pneumonia control in calf units on British dairy farms. Chamberlain, Tom // Livestock (Electronic);Nov/Dec2015, Vol. 20 Issue 6, p306 

    Calf pneumonia is a major cause of disease and mortality in British cattle rearing units and the aerial route is a major method of transmission of infection between calves. Central to adequate ventilation is the provision of fresh air at the correct height for the cattle. In the case of young...

  • Why Do Feedlot Cattle Die? Peck, Clint // BEEF;Apr2006, Vol. 42 Issue 8, pBF1 

    The article reports on the reasons behind cattle deaths in feedlots in the U.S. This article discusses the major causes of death and cattle health problems associated with the problem. Indications showed that bovine respiratory disease is the primary cause of feedlot deaths. However feedlot...

  • Diagnosing Stocker Cattle Health Wrecks. Ishmael, Wes // BEEF Exclusive Insight;3/1/2011, p17 

    The article focuses on the treatment of bovine respiratory disease (BRD) particularly in dealing with case fatality rate (CFR) and morbidity rate. The author describes the method used in diagnosing stocker cattle health wrecks where the producers switch the antibiotics that they use. He also...

  • Upper airways abnormalities and tracheal problems in Morquio's disease. Walker, P.P.; Rose, E.; Williams, J.G. // Thorax;May2003, Vol. 58 Issue 5, p458 

    Discusses the respiratory problems associated with Morquio's disease. Observation of the abnormalities in the upper airway secondary to deposition of abnormal tissue; Illustration of a number of complex clinical problems that may be encountered by patients with Morquio's disease.

  • Calf SCOURS Improving long-term health. Stocks, Caroline // Farmers Weekly;9/13/2013, Vol. 159 Issue 36, p74 

    The article explores the help extended by overhauling youngstock management among dairy farms in Dumfries and Galloway, Scotland. Before the overhaul, farmer Kevan Forsyth was seeing calf mortality in his 1,700-head youngstock unit that is higher compared to the national average of 15 percent....

  • Combination wins. Rennie, Richard // New Zealand Dairy Exporter;May2011, Vol. 86 Issue 10, p105 

    The article reports on the effectiveness of combination dry cow therapy in reducing clinical and subclinical mastitis in dairy herds, based on a study presented by Victorian veterinarian and researcher Duncan Runciman at the annual Dairy Summit conference of Pfizer in Wellington, New Zealand in...

  • Watch for the 3 C's of respiratory illness.  // Nebraska Farmer;Jul2012, Vol. 154 Issue 7, p44 

    The article reports on the need for farmers to be vigilant on signs of cattle respiratory diseases.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics