Bile Duct Injuries During Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy: Management and Outcome

Tsalis, Kostas; Zacharakis, Emmanouil; Vasiliadis, Konstantinos; Kalfadis, Stavros; Vergos, Orestis; Cristoforidis, Emmanouil; Betsis, Dimitrios
December 2005
American Surgeon;Dec2005, Vol. 71 Issue 12, p1060
Academic Journal
The aim of this study is to analyze our experience with the management of bile duct injuries (BDIs) following laparoscopic cholecystectomy (LC). From 1996 to 2004, 21 patients with BDI after LC were treated in our department. The BDIs were graded according to the classification of Strasberg. Ten patients had minor BDI. Minor injuries were classified as A in six and D in four patients. In three patients, endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography sphincterotomy and stent placement was adequate treatment. Six patients required laparotomy and bile duct ligation or suturing, and one patient underwent laparoscopy with additional ligation of a duct of Luschka. Eleven patients had major BDIs. These injuries were classified as E1 in two, E2 in three, E3 in four, and E4 in two patients. Among the patients with a major BDI, Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy was performed. After a median follow-up of 69.45 months, no evidence of biliary disease has been detected among our patients. BDIs should be managed in a specialist unit where surgeons skilled to perform such repairs should undertake definitive treatment. Roux-en-Y hepaticojejunostomy is the procedure of choice in the management of major BDIs as it is accompanied by satisfactory results.


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