Laparoscopic-Assisted Peritoneal Dialysis Catheter Placement, an Improvement on the Single Trocar Technique

Blessing Jr., Walter D.; Ross, Jamie M.; Kennedy, Colleen I.; Richardson, William S.
December 2005
American Surgeon;Dec2005, Vol. 71 Issue 12, p1042
Academic Journal
In 2002, Ochsner laparoscopic surgeons and nephrologists began placing peritoneal dialysis (PD) catheters via a laparoscopic-assisted method. We compared laparoscopically placed PD catheters (LAPD) with catheters most recently placed without laparoscopic aid (STPD). The method for this study is a retrospective chart review. Demographics of both groups were similar. Nine of 20 (45%) in the STPD group and 16 of 23 (70%) in the LAPD group had had previous abdominal surgery. Three of 20 (15%) of STPD had complications, including one small bowel injury. Four of 23 (17.4%) of the LAPD had complications. One of 20 (5%) in the STPD group and 3 of 23 (13%) in the LAPD group had dialysate leaks. In the STPD group, 8 of 20 (40%) had catheter problems that led to removal in 7 (35%). In the LAPD group, 6 of 23 (26%) had catheter malfunction: 3 were salvaged with a laparoscopic procedure; 3 (13%) were removed for malfunction. 1) LAPD allows proper PD placement after complex abdominal surgery; 2) Although dialysate leak complications are increased, bowel perforation risk is less; 3) Because of proper placement, PD catheter malfunction rate is less with LAPD; 4) Although no results obtained statistical significance, we found LAPD superior to STPD and have converted to this technique.


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