TITLE

Sex-Related Acoustic Changes in Voiceless English Fricatives

AUTHOR(S)
Fox, Robert Allen; Nissen, Shawn L.
PUB. DATE
August 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Aug2005, Vol. 48 Issue 4, p753
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
This investigation is a comprehensive acoustic study of 4 voiceless fricatives (/f θ s ∫ /) in English produced by adults and pre- and postpubescent children aged 6-14 years. Vowel duration, amplitude, and several different spectral measures (including spectral tilt and spectral moments) were examined. Of specific interest was the pattern of normal development of the acoustic properties of fricatives and the nature of sex-specific patterns of fricative articulation in prepubescent children. Little evidence of amplitude or duration differences was found between speakers that was related to sex of the speaker. However, significant sex-specific differences in fricative articulation were found in all groups of speakers--even in the youngest children (ages 6-7 years)--although there was an indication that some of the acoustic differences between females and males is reduced or absent in the youngest children. Results from discriminant analysis demonstrated that a discriminant function based on the adult male tokens was generally better at classifying fricatives produced by male speakers than female speakers, regardless of age. This showed that sex-related differences (presumably a function of sex-linked vocal tract variation) were present even in the youngest speaker group. However, the classification accuracy of the female model showed a steady improvement with the increased age of the female speakers and may provide support for the claim that sex-related developmental differences may just be emerging in the youngest age group.
ACCESSION #
19286469

 

Related Articles

  • LINGUISTIC ENVIRONMENTS FOR THE PRODUCTION OF FRICATIVES /Z/, /S/ AND /Z/: VARIABILITY IN THE PHONOLOGICAL ACQUISITION OF SIX SUBJECTS. Wiethan, Fernanda Marafiga; Mota, Helena Bolli // Revista CEFAC;Jan-Feb2013, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p179 

    Background: routes of phonological acquisition in children treated with favorable environments in contrast with unfavorable and neutral environments for production of /z/, /S/ and /Z/ in phonological therapy. Procedures: six children with phonological disorder aged between 4:7 and 7:8 were...

  • A percepção e a produção das fricativas alveolares da língua portuguesa por hispano-falantes. Silveira, Rosane; de Souza, Tharen Teixeira // Revista de Estudos da Linguagem;jun-dez2011, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p167 

    This study examines the correlation between perception and production of the sounds /s/ and /z/ by Hispanic speakers learning Portuguese and how proficiency level, spelling and phonological context affect this correlation. Data were collected from 15 adult participants of various levels of...

  • Relación entre alfabetización y producción de los alófonos de /b/: estudio del habla cuidada de hablantes prealfabetizados y alfabetizados. Vergara Fernández, Viviana // Onomázein;2013, Vol. 27, p158 

    The voiced labiodental fricative [v] has traditionally been rejected as a natural allophone of /b/ in Spanish in general, as well as in Chilean Spanish, although its existence has been admitted in cases of extra-linguistic influence, and recent research has included it in the phonetic inventory....

  • Efficacy of Linear Frequency Transposition on Consonant Identification in Quiet and in Noise. Kuk, Francis; Keenan, Denise; Korhonen, Petri; Chi-chuen Lau // Journal of the American Academy of Audiology;Sep2009, Vol. 20 Issue 8, p465 

    Background: Frequency transposition has gained renewed interest in recent years. This type of processing takes sounds in the unaidable high-frequency region and moves them to the lower frequency region. One concern is that the transposed sounds mask or distort the original low-frequency sounds...

  • Sex differences in phonological processes: Speeded matching and word reading. Majeres, Raymond L. // Memory & Cognition;Mar99, Vol. 27 Issue 2, p246 

    Investigates sex differences in phonological processing. Determining whether the distinction between physical versus name matching and the implied coding difference would be sex related; Sex difference in favor of females in speeded matching; Sex differences in the speed of reading lists of...

  • THE FORMANTS OF FRICATIVE CONSONANTS. Jassem, Wiktor // Language & Speech;Jan-Mar65, Vol. 8 Issue 1, p1 

    The article focuses on the study concerning the formants of fricative consonants of American English, Swedish, and Polish languages. The study also looks into other spectral features differentiating fricative consonants such as the general distribution of energy in the spectrum and cues...

  • The Sound System of Zubairi Arabic: A Phonological Sketch. Ibrahim, Majid Abdulatif // Studies in Literature & Language;Aug2012, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p59 

    The present paper sheds light on Zubairi phonology from a segmental standpoint. It covers five major issues: the consonantal system, the vowel system, phonontactics, geminate and syllable structure. As for the consonantal system, Zubairi Arabic has a relatively conservative consonantal inventory...

  • Ř A ÄŒESKÝ KONSONANTICKÝ SYSTÉM. Romportl, Milan // Linguistica Online;Oct2013, Issue 15, p1 

    A detailed acoustic analysis and hearing analysis have shown that vibrancy is an essential feature even of the Czech consonant Å™ in both its variants (i.e. voiced and unvoiced), although it need not be involved in every single realization. However, if the fricative noise is repeatedly...

  • Labiodental ɱ in Drubea. Hajek, John // Oceanic Linguistics;Dec2009, Vol. 48 Issue 2, p484 

    While labiodental [m] occurs frequently across the world's languages as a predictable nasal allophone before labiodental fricatives [f] and [v], a new source for the same segment not previously reported elsewhere is described here. In Drubea, it arises through nasal spreading from a nasal vowel...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics