Newman, John B.; Horowitz, Milton W.
February 1965
Today's Speech;Feb1965, Vol. 13 Issue 1, p2
Academic Journal
The article discusses a study which examined the differences between speaking and writing. The authors initiated type-token ratio analyses to reveal differences in the character of spoken and written utterance. They found that although speaking may be looser in style and structure than writing, it is not vaguer than writing in message content. The study concludes that speaking and writing represent different strata of the person. Speech includes more feelings, more immediate affect, and more first thoughts that come to mind. Writing is more of the intellectualized, rational, and deliberate aspects of the person.


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