High-resolution gas chromatography retention data as a basis for estimation of the octanol—water distribution coefficients ( Kow) of PCB: the effect of experimental conditions

Ballschmiter, Karlheinz; Klingler, Diana; Ellinger, Stefan; Hackenberg, Rudolf
August 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Aug2005, Vol. 382 Issue 8, p1859
Academic Journal
The semi-experimental approach to approximating physicochemical data relevant to environmental distribution (vapor pressure and gas–octanol distribution) by correlation with gas chromatography (GC) retention data has been extended to the determination of Kow values. We estimated Kow values >104 for polychlorinated biphenyls (PCB), which are often derived by liquid chromatography, by correlation with gas chromatographic retention data. Selecting a set of reference compounds with known Kow values for relative retention time (RRT) correlation enables easy and accurate semi-empirical calculation of further Kow values for a given group of congeners. The RRT/log Kow correlation is validated in this paper with regard to the following gas chromatographic conditions: (1) isothermal versus temperature-programmed elution, (2) the possible effect of the polarity of the stationary phase, and (3) the effect of the format of the standardized GC retention data. The advantages of our Kow(GC) method can be summarized as follows: complex mixtures can be analyzed, only amounts in the nanogram-range or less are required, Kow values of isomers can be determined and the exact structure of compounds need not be known. Normalized GC retention data of persistent organic pollutants are readily available. The quality of the Kow values obtained by the GC method compares well with that for other Kow estimation methods. It depends mainly on the accuracy of the Kow data of the structurally correlated compounds used as standards for the correlation cohort. The Kow(GC) data for all 209 PCB congeners are given.


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