Analysis of ALD-processed thin films by ion-beam techniques

Putkonen, Matti; Sajavaara, Timo; Niinistö, Lauri; Keinonen, Juhani
August 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Aug2005, Vol. 382 Issue 8, p1791
Academic Journal
This review introduces the possibilities of ion-beam techniques for the analysis of thin films and thin-film structures processed by atomic layer deposition (ALD). The characteristic features of ALD are also presented. The analytical techniques discussed include RBS, NRA and ERDA with its variants, viz. the TOF-ERDA and HI-ERDA. The thin film examples are taken from flat-panel display technology (TFEL structures) and the semiconductor industry (high- k insulators).


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