TITLE

The Impact of Fathers' Absence on African American Adolescents' Gender Role Development

AUTHOR(S)
Mandara, Jelani; Murray, Carolyn; Joyner, Toya
PUB. DATE
August 2005
SOURCE
Sex Roles;Aug2005, Vol. 53 Issue 3/4, p207
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Gender role development was assessed in 52 father-absent and 54 father-present African American adolescents. Father-present boys, especially those from lower-income backgrounds, had higher perceptions of their masculinity than did father-absent boys. Lower income father-absent girls perceived themselves to be higher in masculinity than did all other girls. Consequently, father-present adolescents tended to have more traditional gender role orientations than did those in father-absent homes. It is argued that mothers' and fathers' different socializing strategies balance out in two-parent homes. However, in father-absent homes, mothers' tendency to rely on and pressure their daughters fosters relatively more masculine girls, whereas a lack of father socialization fosters less masculine boys. Implications for theory and future research are also discussed.
ACCESSION #
19148534

 

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