Prolonged standing at work and hospitalisation due to varicose veins: a 12 year prospective study of the Danish population

Tüchsen, F.; Hannerz, H.; Burr, H.; Krause, N.
December 2005
Occupational & Environmental Medicine;Dec2005, Vol. 62 Issue 12, p847
Academic Journal
Background: Recent studies suggest that prolonged standing at work is associated with the development of diseases of varicose veins (VV). Aims: To assess the risk of hospitalisation due to VV in the lower extremities prospectively in workers standing or walking at least 75% of their time at work. Methods: A representative random sample of 9653 working age adults was drawn from the Central Population Register of Denmark in 1991. Of these, 8664 accepted to be interviewed by telephone (response rate 90%). Respondents (2939 men and 2708 women) were 20-59 years old and employed in 1990. Risk ratios for VV were estimated by log-linear Poisson regression models separately for men and women with adjustment for smoking status, body mass index (BMI), heavy lifting, and, for females only, number of children at baseline. Results: During 12 years of follow up, 40 hospitalisations due to VV were observed among the men and 71 among the women. For employees with jobs that require prolonged standing or walking compared to all other employees, the relative risk was 1.75 (95% CI 0.92 to 3.34) for men and 1.82 (95% CI 1.12 to 2.95) for women. The pooled estimate of the relative risk was 1.78 (95% CI 1.19 to 2.68). The aetiological fraction of prolonged standing or walking at work was estimated as 22.5% for men and 22.6% for women. Conclusions: This prospective study confirms that prolonged standing at work constitutes an excess risk of hospital treatment due to varicose veins and accounts for more than one fifth of all cases of working age.


Related Articles

  • Lovely, Likeable Legs. Coggiano, Lauren // Fort Wayne Living;Feb-May2011, p12 

    The article offers information on the various procedures to treat varicose veins. Sclerotherapy involves the injection of the chemical slcerosant into a varicose vein. In laser therapy, laser energy is used to scar and destroy varicose veins. Treatment of such medical condition can also include...

  • LUMPY LEGS. Binns, Corey // Science World;2/13/2012, Vol. 68 Issue 9, p22 

    The article provides information on causes and treatment of varicose veins.

  • Prevalence and Risk Factors of Varicose Veins in Japanese Women. Hirai, Masafumi; Naiki, Kenichi; Nakayama, Ryu // Angiology;Mar1990, Vol. 41 Issue 3, p228 

    The prevalence and risk factors of varicose veins in Japan were investigated in 541 Japanese women. Varicose veins were defined as any dilated, tortuous, and elongated veins of the lower extremity and classified into four types. The total prevalence rate was 45%. Saphenous type was observed in...

  • MEANDERS OF THE GREAT SAPHENOUS VEIN. Nylander, Göran // Angiology;Nov1969, Vol. 20 Issue 10, p587 

    The meander phenomenon, the peculiar tortuosity of some vessels, is recognized within arteries as well as veins (fig. 1). It is observed in pathologic conditions such as in varicose veins, esophageal varices and in collaterals from obstructed arteries; it may also be observed in old ago in...

  • DEEP THROMBOPHLEBITIS: CLINICAL CONSIDERATIONS. Seligman, Bert; Shaftel, Herbert E.; Halpern, Alfred // Angiology;Jan1961, Vol. 12 Issue 1, p17 

    Discusses the clinical considerations for venous thrombosis. Characteristics of the disease; Etiology; Citation of possible therapies for the disease.

  • THE MEANDERING PHENOMENON IN THE PATHOGENESIS OF VARICES. Nylander, Göran // Angiology;Nov1969, Vol. 20 Issue 10, p592 

    Several theories have been proposed to explain the cause of varices. e.g., constitutional, possibly hereditary weakness of the veins and their valves, degenerative changes of the connective tissue of the veins, endocrine influence on venous tone, increased venous pressure and prolonged standing....

  • New concepts in the aetiology of varicose veins. Sharp, B.; Davies, A. H. // Phlebology;2005, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p157 

    The article provides an overview of the etiological concepts of varicose veins. Basing on demographic studies, the two prognosis indicators are age and gender which occurred likely in women coordinated with risk factors involving parity, obesity, work posture, constipation and tight...

  • Role of inflammation in varicose vein aetiology. Aravind, Biju; Davies, Alun H. // Phlebology;2004, Vol. 19 Issue 2, p55 

    The article discusses the role played by inflammation in varicose vein aetiology. Acquired valve dysfunction which occurs due to inflammation is the primary cause of varicose veins. Those people who have family history of varicose veins have increased mast cell infiltration. Patients of varicose...

  • SEMNIFICAÅ¢IA PROFILULUI MORFOLOGIC AL VENELOR VARICOASE ÃŽN ETIOPATOGENIA BOLII VARICOASE. Comşa, F.; Ardelean, Carmen Maria; Amălinei, Cornelia; Giuşcă, Simona Eliza; Căruntu, Irina-Draga // Jurnalul de Chirurgie;2010, Vol. 6 Issue 4, p481 

    The main stream of publications focused on chronic venous disease research includes many studies on etiological factors, clinical manifestations and treatment of varicose veins, but reports on biological, tissue and molecular events that might lead to venous wall dilatation are limited. In this...


Read the Article


Sign out of this library

Other Topics