Tension pneumothorax complicating autologous "blood patch" pleurodesis

Williams, P.; Laing, R.
December 2005
Thorax;Dec2005, Vol. 60 Issue 12, p1066
Academic Journal
Autologous "blood patching" has been used successfully for the treatment of persistent air leak in patients with spontaneous secondary pneumothorax. The case history is presented of a 19 year old woman with cystic fibrosis who developed tension pneumothorax following this procedure, with rapid clinical deterioration until the obstruction was cleared. To avoid this potentially fatal complication we recommend that "blood patch" pleurodesis be performed only through large bore intercostal catheters, that blood is rapidly transferred into the catheter tubing, a sterile saline flush and full resuscitation equipment is available, and the operator is skilled in the management of tension pneumothorax.


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