Cognitive Abilities of Children with Hormone Abnormalties: Screening by Psychoeducational Tests

Perlman, Suzanne M.
January 1973
Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jan1973, Vol. 6 Issue 1, p21
Academic Journal
Studies of animals suggest that changes in behavior are concomitant with early administration of hormones in abnormal quantities and types, and that these changes in behavior reflect actual changes in the structure of the central nervous system. Previous psychological studies of individuals with abnormal hormone makeup also have indicated that hormones might have an effect on mental as well as physical function. In order to assess the extent to which any brain changes might be reflected in mental functioning as revealed by scores on psychoeducational tests, the cognitive behavior of children with hormone abnormalities was examined. It was hypothesized that these children would reveal particularized patterns of function comparable to those found in children with specific learning disabilities. Thirty children between the ages of 3 and 15 under medical treatment for male pseudohermaphroditism and the adrenogenital syndrome (males and females) were tested on a variety of measures found useful in differentiating children with learning disabilities. Matched controls were included in the study. The findings suggest that the contention of earlier researchers that increased androgens act to elevate overall intellectual functioning is unwarranted at this time. Boys with the adrenogenital syndrome performed the same as their normal controls in all aspects of cognitive function. In contrast, girls with the adrenogenital syndrome differed from their controls and from the normal girls in their ability to do particular tasks. The male pseudohermaphrodites, reared as girls, demonstrated intellective function similar to their normal female controls on most measures, but performed significantly poorer than their male controls on various nonverbal measures. They showed significantly higher verbal than nonverbal ability, as has been reported in earlier literature. From these findings it was inferred that abnormal hormone function may influence specific mental processes, and that these influences may be related to the sensitivity of the brain to androgens. However, the effects on central nervous system processes seem to be highly specific and far more subtle than those affecting children of a learning disability population.


Related Articles

  • The Future of the LD Field: Intervention Approaches. Smith, Corinne Roth // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Oct1986, Vol. 19 Issue 8, p461 

    Discusses intervention approaches in the field of learning disabilities. Historical overview of intervention approaches; Orientations to improving basic school performance; Environmental, medical, and neuropsychological interventions.

  • Comments on Special Drug Abuse Issue. Eunice B. Wilkes; Marland Jr., Sidney P.; Ames, Louise Bates; David, Henry; Pelletier, Judy; Rush, A. John; Egel, Paula F.; Stillman, Harold W.; Williams Jr., Harrison A.; Charles C. Edwards; de Ia Cruz, Felix; Minskoff, J. Gerald // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jan1972, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p50 

    This article presents several letters to the editor about issues related to the use of drugs to cure learning disability. One of the readers opines that the subject of the validity and usefulness of drugs to modify the behavior of learning-disabled children is of great interest. Another reader...

  • Management of the Child With a Learning Disorder. Lambros, Katina M.; Leslie, Laurel K. // Pediatric Annals;Apr2005, Vol. 34 Issue 4, p275 

    The article focuses on the therapeutic management of a child with learning disorder. The problems associated with learning disorder are discussed. The roles of the family and pediatricians in assessing learning disabled children are explained. Information on the Student Study Team, 504-plan and...

  • Significant Predictors of Test Anxiety Among Students With and Without Learning Disabilities. Sena, Jolyn D. Whitaker; Lowe, Patricia A.; Lee, Steven W. // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jul/Aug2007, Vol. 40 Issue 4, p360 

    In the present study, the relationship between students with and without learning disabilities (LD) and different aspects of test anxiety was examined on a new multidimensional measure of test anxiety. A sample of 774 elementary and secondary school students--195 students with LD and 579...

  • A.C.L.D. Debates: Our Challenge, The Right To Know.  // Journal of Learning Disabilities;Jun/Jul1972, Vol. 5 Issue 6, p363 

    The article focuses on the 9th annual meeting of the Association of Children With Learning Disabilities (ACLD), convened in Atlantic City, New Jersey. The theme "Our Challenge: The Right to Know" was sharply probed and debated. Recently developed theories of treatment were contrasted with the...

  • The Eye, Learning Disabilities, and Dyslexia.  // Clinical Pediatrics;Mar1973, Vol. 12 Issue 3, p127 

    The article sheds light on the eye, learning disabilities, and dyslexia. Learning disability and dyslexia, as well as other forms of school underachievement, require a multidisciplinary approach from medicine, education, and psychology in diagnosis and treatment. Eye care should never be...

  • Preventive care. Lindsay, Peter // Update;10/2/2003, Vol. 67 Issue 7, p408 

    In this article, the author looks at the role of general practitioners in offering preventive care to patients with learning disabilities. These patients are at increased risk of a wide range of health problems including obesity, hepatitis B, osteoporosis and hypertension. Many routine disease...

  • Auditory Processing Disorder Evaluation. Hurley, Raymond M. // ASHA Leader;11/6/2007, Vol. 12 Issue 15, p5 

    The article presents an overview of the positive benefits of using a reinforcement paradigm in treating and managing auditory processing disorders in children, A case study of two boys, age 10 and 11, who were diagnosed with the disorder and received treatment which included the use of a...

  • Research round-up.  // Learning Disability Practice;Apr2010, Vol. 13 Issue 3, p11 

    This section discusses research related to learning disabilities. A booklet highlighting the stories of parents with learning disabilities was launched by the Working Together with Parents Network. An Australian study emphasized the need to develop programs for the early diagnosis and treatment...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics