Bearer, Cynthia F.; Stoler, Joan M.; Cook, Janine D.; Carpenter, Siri J.
March 2004
Alcohol Research & Health;2004/2005, Vol. 28 Issue 1, p38
Academic Journal
The article discusses the use of biomarkers to assess patients' current or past alcohol use. Biochemical substances in the body that indicate the presence or progress of a conditions or any genetic predisposition toward it, are called biomarkers. The biomarker carbohydrate-deficient transferrin has been widely used by clinicians in recent years to screen for heavy alcohol consumption. Preliminary research shows that the neurotransmitter serotonin or other biochemicals associated with serotonin show potential as trait markers for alcoholism. Finally, more research is necessary before clinically useful trait markers of genetic predisposition to alcohol dependence are fully developed.


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