TITLE

Interictal Slow-Wave Focus in Left Medial Temporal Lobe during Bilateral Electroconvulsive Therapy

AUTHOR(S)
Neuhaus, Andres H.; Gallinat, Juergen; Bajbouj, Malek; Reischies, Friedel M.
PUB. DATE
November 2005
SOURCE
Neuropsychobiology;2005, Vol. 52 Issue 4, p183
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
The interictal state between two electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) sessions is clinically characterised by possible cognitive adverse effects like mild amnestic syndrome. ECT-induced mnestic deficits can persist for several weeks after ECT. Electrophysiologically, slowing of brain electrical activity in the interictal state has often been reported. Especially, for bilateral ECT a correlation between enhanced left frontotemporal theta activity and retrograde amnesia has been demonstrated. This study focuses on the topographic distribution of cortical slow-wave oscillations during the interictal state of a bilateral ECT cycle. Twelve patients with major depression have been investigated with 32-channel resting EEG 24 h after the 6th ECT session. As controls, 8 major depressive patients were investigated prior to antidepressive treatment. The generating sources of slow-wave activity are estimated within the theta frequency band with low-resolution brain electromagnetic tomography. Source analysis revealed a distinct pattern of theta activity in the depth of the left temporal lobe (fusiform and parahippocampal gyri, Brodmann areas 37 and 36, respectively; p< 0.05) during the interictal state. This finding suggests a dysfunction of the left medial temporal lobe memory system during the interictal state of a bilateral ECT cycle. It will further be discussed whether it is possible to obtain information about activity of deep brain structures like the hippocampal formation from scalp-recorded signals. Copyright © 2005 S. Karger AG, Basel
ACCESSION #
18905250

 

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