TITLE

Treatment of "Hernia" in the Writings of Celsus (First Century AD)

AUTHOR(S)
Papavramidou, Niki S.; Christopoulou-Aletras, Helen
PUB. DATE
October 2005
SOURCE
World Journal of Surgery;Oct2005, Vol. 29 Issue 10, p1343
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Descriptions concerning “hernia” can be found from the early historical years, and its treatment was a subject mentioned by numerous physicians of Antiquity, such as Hippocrates and Praxagoras of Kos. Yet, Aulus Cornelius Celsus, a famous doctor and encyclopedist of the first century AD, was among the first to propose surgical treatment and carry it out successfully, according to his accounts. Many physicians attempted to treat several types of “hernia“ before him, hut more “scientific“ information with details and complete descriptions could be found only in Celsus' work. In his book De Medicina, Celsus described eight types of “hernia”: bronchocele, umbilical hernia, intestinal and omental hernias, hydrocele, varicocele, sarcocele (hernia carnosa), and inguinal hernia. Among them, some retain their ancient nomenclature up to now, although others have acquired gradually different terminology or are not recognized by physicians today as “bernias” (e.g., broncbocele). For each type of “hernia”. Celsus provided his readers with an extremely detailed, well reasoned description of the execution of surgical procedures accompanied usually with pre- and postoperative instructions. His innovations particularly accompanied ligature of the vessels. He recommended that an injured vessel be tied in two places with two threads and then cut between the ties. Other pre- and postoperative practices, such as sterilization and bandaging of the incised area, were elements that helped in the advances of medicine, and some of them still exist in modern medicine.
ACCESSION #
18872358

 

Related Articles

  • Cornelius Celsus-ancient encyclopedist, surgeon-scientist, or master of surgery? Köckerling, F.; Köckerling, D.; Lomas, C. // Langenbeck's Archives of Surgery;Apr2013, Vol. 398 Issue 4, p609 

    Purpose: The Roman nobleman Cornelius Celsus (25 BC-AD 50) wrote a general encyclopedia (De Artibus) dealing with several subjects, among which some had medical content (De Medicina), an eight-volume compendium, including two books about surgery (VII + VIII). It is the most significant medical...

  • Roman Encyclopedist Authored.  // O&P News;Nov2015, Vol. 24 Issue 13, p44 

    No abstract available.

  • THE ANCIENT DRUG OPIUM. Julyan, M.; Dircksen, M. // Akroterion;2011, Vol. 56, p75 

    The use of papaver somniferum (from the Latin fero ferre = 'to bear/bring' and somnium = 'sleep') as a narcotic, goes back to the 13th century BC. The works of ancient authors such as Dioscorides, Celsus, Galen, Theophrastus and Pliny the Elder provide us with detailed information about the...

  • Osobnost a dílo Aula Cornelia Celsa. Tesařová, D. // General Practitioner / Prakticky Lekar;2013, Vol. 93 Issue 6, p276 

    Aulus Cornelius Celsus was a Roman scholar at the time of 1 century, the author of encyclopedic work Artes, from which was kept in original state only the treatise De medicína composed of eiciht books. This masterpiece is considered like the best and the most famous ancient extant medical...

  • Roman Medical Practice & Massage Part Two. Calvert, Robert Noah // Massage Magazine;Jan/Feb2005, Issue 113, p172 

    The article discusses the ancient Roman medical practice and massage. It discusses the work of Aulus Cornelius Celsus, who is credited with scribing the first organized medical history, tracing the development of healing practices. He wrote about many subjects, especially agriculture and...

  • ANCIENT GREECE.  // Ancient Medicine;2000, p53 

    Medicine in ancient Greece flowed from the conquest of lands by Alexander the Great. Seeing that Egyptian medicine was superior to their own, the Greek colonists embraced Egypt's medical technology. Eventhough they embraced Egypt's medical technology, ancient Greece also contributed much to...

  • ANCIENT ROME.  // Ancient Medicine;2000, p69 

    For hundred of years, the Romans had no physicians, surgeons, or other formal medical care. However, it all changed when the Romans conquered other countries and adopted foreign technologies and ways of life. Included in these are medical technologies which were mostly adopted from the...

  • Inflammation, Insulin Resistance, and Type 2 Diabetes: Back to the Future? Cefalu, William T. // Diabetes;Feb2009, Vol. 58 Issue 2, p307 

    The author gives opinion on studies on the contribution of inflammation to insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. He cites that about 2,000 years ago, Roman physician Aulus Cornelius Celsus was credited with the first recording of the cardinal signs of inflammation, including warmth and pain. A...

  • Observations on early suture materials: The first stitch... Ahmad, Ata; O'Leary, J. Patrick // American Surgeon;Nov1997, Vol. 63 Issue 11, p1027 

    Features Aurelius Cornelius Celsus, a Roman medical journalist who gave the first account on intestinal suturing. Books written by Cornelius about internal suturing; His influence on European medicine; His contribution on the development of modern suture.

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics