Stanczuk, Jolanta; Zdunczyk, Zenon; Juskiewicz, Jerzy; Jankowski, Jan
September 2005
Veterinarija ir Zootechnika;2005, Vol. 31 Issue 53, p98
Academic Journal
For 8 weeks, the birds were fed ad libitum with the mash feed mixtures containing 0.1% or 0.4% of two types of low-digestible carbohydrates: mannan-oligosaccharide (MOS) and long-chain polymer of fructose — inulin. All diets were without an antibiotic addition. Productivity and faecal parameters of birds were analysed. The supplementation of diets with MOS or inulin had no significant influence neither on the diet intake nor feed conversion of turkeys. In addition, in all groups comparable concentration of dry matter and faecal pH were observed. The lower dose of inulin (0.1%) decreased faecal ammonia concentration compared to the both MOS groups. Ingested supplements increased faecal activity of microbial α-glucosidase and α-galactosidase. In the experimental groups, higher concentrations of short-chain fatty acids (especially acetate) were observed compared to the control group (total SCFAs: 38.5-46.17 μmol/g vs. 20.58).


Related Articles

  • Metabolic effects of D-psicose in rats: studies on faecal and urinary excretion and caecal fermentation. Matsuo, Tatsuhiro; Tanaka, Tomohiro; Hashiguchi, Mineo; Izumori, Ken; Suzuki, Hiroo // Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition;Jun2003, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p225 

    D-Psicose (D -ribo-2 -hexulose), a C-3 epimer of D-fructose, is one of the "rare sugars" present in small quantities in commercial carbohydrate complex or agricultural products. We investigated the absorption and excretion of D-psicose when orally administrated (5g/kg body weight) to Wistar...

  • Suitability of a batch in vitro fermentation model using human faecal microbiota for prediction of conversion of flaxseed lignans to enterolactone with reference to an in vivo rat model. Aura, A.-M.; Oikarinen, S.; Mutanen, M.; Heinonen, S.-M.; Adlercreutz, H.; Virtanen, H.; Poutanen, K. // European Journal of Nutrition;Feb2006, Vol. 45 Issue 1, p45 

    Background In vitro fermentation models have been used widely for studies of short-chain fatty acid (SCFA) formation from carbohydrates, whereas the suitability of these methods for enterolactone (ENL) formation has received less attention. Aim The aim was to study the suitability of an in vitro...

  • Smarter carbs. Eller, Daryn; Fisher, Tara // Natural Health;Mar2005, Vol. 35 Issue 3, p39 

    The article discusses new ways to lose weight without sacrificing the carbohydrate rich food. When low carbohydrate mania reached its fevered pitch last year, lots of health-conscious eaters — vegetarians and "meat minimalists" among them — sat on the sidelines as dieters piled...

  • The type and quantity of dietary fat and carbohydrate alter faecal microbiome and short-chain fatty acid excretion in a metabolic syndrome 'at-risk' population. Fava, F; Gitau, R; Griffin, B A; Gibson, G R; Tuohy, K M; Lovegrove, J A // International Journal of Obesity;Feb2013, Vol. 37 Issue 2, p216 

    INTRODUCTION AND OBJECTIVES:An obese-type human microbiota with an increased Firmicutes:Bacteroidetes ratio has been described that may link the gut microbiome with obesity and metabolic syndrome (MetS) development. Dietary fat and carbohydrate are modifiable risk factors that may impact on MetS...

  • Revisiting The Diet-Heart Hypothesis. Rinehart, Alexander J. // Original Internist;Sep2013, Vol. 20 Issue 3, p104 

    The diet-heart disease hypothesis has been hotly debated over the last few decades. The hypothesis rests on three assumptions: 1. Intake of saturated fat causes high total cholesterol and low-density lipoproteins (LDLs), 2. High total cholesterol and LDL are correlated with heart disease, and 3....

  • Sensitive and Simplified Detection of Antibiotic Influence on the Dynamic and Versatile Changes of Fecal Short-Chain Fatty Acids. Zhao, Xiaoya; Jiang, Zhenzuo; Yang, Fan; Wang, Yan; Gao, Xiumei; Wang, Yuefei; Chai, Xin; Pan, Guixiang; Zhu, Yan // PLoS ONE;12/1/2016, Vol. 11 Issue 12, p1 

    Short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs), produced by anaerobic fermentation of mainly indigestible dietary carbohydrates by gut microbiota, have a profound influence on intestinal function and host energy metabolism. Antibiotics may seriously disturb the balance of fecal SCFAs. To evaluate the impacts...

  • Fat Facts: A Brief Review.  // Running & FitNews;Sep/Oct2006, Vol. 24 Issue 3, p2 

    This article presents a review of some dietary basics, such as the types of fat, carbohydrates, fibers, and dietary extremism. Fat is more energy efficient than carbohydrates and protein. The body, therefore stores excess fat and this can lead to weight problems and blood flow blockages. Not all...

  • What's the skinny on fat these days? I saw a major magazine cover image recently that was suggesting fat wasn't so bad for us after all? Scheer, Roddy // Earth Talk: Questions & Answers About Our Environment;1/4/2015, p1 

    The article discusses the negative notion spread by some nutritionists regarding fat. Polyunsaturated fat does not do any harm unlike saturated fat. But nutritionists felt it was too complicated to talk about different types of fat, and developed the notion we should just reduce all types of fat...

  • The Influence of Low Versus High Carbohydrate Diet on a 45-min Strenuous Cycling Exercise. Kavouras, Stavros A.; Troup, John P.; Berning, Jacqueline R. // International Journal of Sport Nutrition & Exercise Metabolism;Feb2004, Vol. 14 Issue 1, p62 

    To examine the effects of a 3-day high carbohydrate (H-CHO) and low carbohydrate (L-CHO) diet on 45 min of cycling exercise, 12 endurance-trained cyclists performed a 45-min cycling exercise at 82 ± 2% VO[sub2peak] following an overnight fast, after a 6-day diet and exercise control. The...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics