Fluorescence ratiometric pH sensor prepared from covalently immobilized porphyrin and benzothioxanthene

Cheng-Gang Niu; Xiao-Qin Gui; Guang-Ming Zeng; Ai-Ling Guan; Pan-Feng Gao; Pin-Zhu Qin
September 2005
Analytical & Bioanalytical Chemistry;Sep2005, Vol. 383 Issue 2, p349
Academic Journal
A fluorescence ratiometric sensor for pH determination is described in this paper. The sensor incorporated the pH-sensitive dye meso-5,10,15,20-tetra-(4-allyloxyphenyl)porphyrin (TAPP) as an indicator and a pH-insensitive dye N-(2-methacryloxyethyl)benzo[ k, l]thioxanthene-3,4-dicarboximide (MBTD), a benzothioxanthene derivative, as a reference for fluorescence ratiometric measurement. To prevent leakage of the dyes, both were photocopolymerized with acrylamide, hydroxyethyl methacrylate, and triethylene glycol dimethacrylate on the silanized glass surface. The reproducibility and response time of the prepared sensor were sufficient. Most common coexisting inorganic ions and organic compounds did not interfere with pH sensing. In the acidic pH range from 1.5 to 5.0 the fluorescence intensity ratio of the two dyes varied linearly as a function of pH. The sensing membrane was found to have a lifetime of at least one month. The sensor was applied to the analysis of waste water and artificial samples.


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