Gudykunst, William B.
January 1983
Communication Quarterly;Winter1983, Vol. 31 Issue 1, p49
Academic Journal
This paper presents an exploratory comparison of two aspects of initial interactions in low- and high-context cultures--the types of questions used to reduce uncertainty and the degree of attributional confidence based upon background information. Results of the study indicate that people in high-context cultures are more cautious in initial interactions and have a greater tendency to make assumptions based upon a stranger's cultural background than do people in low-context cultures. People in high-context cultures also ask more questions about a stranger's background, however, this information does not provide a greater degree of predictive certainty with respect to a stranger's future behavior. These results are discussed in terms of their implications for uncertainty reduction theory and Hall's conceptualization of high- and low-context cultures.


Related Articles

  • Ontological uncertainty and innovation. Lane, David; Maxfield, Robert // Journal of Evolutionary Economics;Mar2005, Vol. 15 Issue 1, p3 

    This paper explores the relationship between uncertainty and innovation. It distinguishes three kinds of uncertainty: truth uncertainty, semantic uncertainty, and ontological uncertainty, the latter of which is particularly important for innovation processes. The paper then develops some...

  • On The Pursuit of Happiness.  // So's Your Old Lady;Summer1974, Issue 5, p11 

    The article presents the author's perspective about human errors in one's life. Is not any public figure, however influential, also subject to human error, or perhaps more accurately, capable of interpreting the phenomena from a personal unique experience, different from his own is the author's...

  • Uncertainty in Lagrangian pollutant transport simulations due to meteorological uncertainty at mesoscale. Angevine, W. M.; Brioude, J.; McKeen, S.; Holloway, J. S. // Geoscientific Model Development Discussions;2014, Vol. 7 Issue 4, p4603 

    Lagrangian particle dispersion models require meteorological fields as input. Uncertainty in the driving meteorology is one of the major uncertainties in the results. The propagation of uncertainty through the system is not simple, and has not been thoroughly explored. Here, we take an ensemble...

  • Do analysts overreact to extreme good news in earnings? Zhaoyang Gu; Jian Xue // Review of Quantitative Finance & Accounting;Nov2007, Vol. 29 Issue 4, p415 

    We provide an alternative explanation for the previous finding of analysts’ overreaction to extreme good news in earnings. We show that such finding could be a result of analysts’ rational behavior in the face of high earnings uncertainty rather than their cognitive bias. Extreme...

  • The golden meme. Laland, Kevin; Brown, Gillian // New Scientist;8/3/2002, Vol. 175 Issue 2354, p40 

    Focuses on the role of memes in analyzing human culture. Definition of meme; Scientific theory of human culture; Dispositions and powers of reasoning.

  • I Think, Therefore I Err. Gigerenzer, Gerd // Social Research;Spring2005, Vol. 72 Issue 1, p195 

    This article deals with the study of human errors in experimental psychology. The case of visual illusions illustrates the general proposition that every intelligent system makes good errors; otherwise it would not be intelligent. The reason is that the outside world is uncertain, and the system...

  • Common Sense To the Rescue. Spencer, Scott // Best's Review;Mar2012, Vol. 112 Issue 11, p64 

    The article presents the author's opinion on the importance of learning from mistakes to prevent huge losses. He presents several examples of how even mundane act can lead to huge losses which include forgetting to remove keys from the ignition, putting a grass welcome mat outside the front door...

  • THINKING ABOUT THE FUTURE: OBSERVATIONS FROM THE FIELD. Bruce#Tonn // Futures Research Quarterly;Winter2004, Vol. 20 Issue 4, p33 

    Discusses cases describing ways in which people think about uncertainty and the future. Impact of professional culture on future-oriented thinking; Institutional forces that appear to thwart future-oriented thinking, budget cycles and lack of assigned responsibilities to think about the future.

  • Advancing uncertainty: Untangling and discerning related concepts. Penrod, Janice // International Journal of Qualitative Methods;Autumn2002, Vol. 1 Issue 4, p54 

    Describes methodological perspectives of a project designed to advance the concept of uncertainty using multiple qualitative methods. Use of the processes of advanced concept analysis to initiate the formal investigation into the meaning of the concept; Identification of the concept of...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics