TITLE

Cystic fibrosis lung disease following infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa in Cftr knockout mice using novel non-invasive direct pulmonary infection technique

AUTHOR(S)
C Guilbault; P Martin; D Houle; M-L Boghdady; M-C Guiot; D Marion; D Radzioch
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
Laboratory Animals;Jun2005, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p336
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
To better understand the mechanism of lung infection with Pseudomonas aeruginosa (P. aeruginosa), many techniques have been developed in order to establish lung infection in rodents. A model of chronic lung infection, using tracheotomy to inoculate the bacteria, has been extensively used in the cystic fibrosis (CF) mouse model of lung infection. The cystic fibrosis transmembrane channel (Cftr) knockout (KO) mice are smaller than normal mice and are more sensitive to housing and nutritional conditions, leading to small amounts of animals being available for experiments. Because of these characteristics, and because of the invasiveness of the infection procedure which we, and others, have been using to mimic the lung infection, we sought to find an alternative way to study the inflammatory response during lung P. aeruginosa infection. The technique we describe here consists of the injection of bacterial beads directly into the lungs through the mouth without the need of any tracheal incisions. This technique of direct pulmonary delivery enables much faster infection of the animals compared with the intratracheal technique previously used. The use of this less invasive technique allows the exclusion of the surgery-related inflammation. Our results show that, using the direct pulmonary delivery technique, the KO mice were more susceptible to P. aeruginosa lung infection compared with their wild-type (WT) controls, as shown by their increased weight loss, higher bacterial burden and more elevated polymorphonuclear (PMN) alveolar cell recruitment into the lungs. These differences are consistent with the pathological profiles observed in CF patients infected with P. aeruginosa. Overall, this method simplifies the infection procedure in terms of its duration and invasiveness, and improves the survival rate of the KO mice when compared with the previously used intratracheal procedure.
ACCESSION #
18500154

 

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