TITLE

Intraperitoneal injection induces a delayed preconditioning-like effect in mice

AUTHOR(S)
Fausto Labruto; Jarle Vaage; Guohu Li; Guro Valen
PUB. DATE
June 2005
SOURCE
Laboratory Animals;Jun2005, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p298
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
We hypothesized that intraperitoneal injections of anaesthetics or fluid per se might evoke a delayed preconditioning-like response in mice hearts isolated and Langendorff perfused 24 h later. To test this, mice were given opioid anaesthesia by intraperitoneal injections or sham treated and the hearts were harvested and subjected to global ischaemia and reperfusion 24 h later in series 1. In series 2, mice were subjected to intraperitoneal injection of Ringer, sham needle prick procedure, or no intervention 24 h before heart isolation. In series 3, intraperitoneal Ringer injection 24 h earlier was compared with the effects of classic preconditioning or no pretreatment of the isolated heart or no treatment. Heart function was measured in all series. At the end of reperfusion, hearts in series 1 and 2 were frozen and infarct size was estimated by triphenyltetrazolium chloride solution. In series 3, separate hearts were frozen for immunoblotting to detect phosphorylation of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases. Cardiac activation of nuclear factor kappa B (NF?B) was measured using a NF?B luciferase firefly reporter mouse.The ischaemia-induced impairment of left ventricular function was attenuated by opioid anaesthesia injected 24 h earlier, which also reduced infarct size. Injection of fluid, but not the sham needle prick procedure, reduced infarct size. The functional protection afforded by classic preconditioning and Ringer pretreatment was comparable. Neither cardiac MAP kinases nor NF?B were influenced by the interventions. In conclusion, this study demonstrates a delayed preconditioning-like effect of the heart caused by intraperitoneal administration of opioid anaesthetics and of fluid only in the mouse. The mechanism of protection remains to be determined.
ACCESSION #
18500148

 

Related Articles

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of VIRGINIA BEACH PUBLIC LIBRARY AND SYSTEM

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics