Banking of embryos of mutated, paralytic tremor rabbit by means of vitrification

Krzysztof Papis; Joanna Sypecka; Maciej Korwin-Kossakowski; Elzbieta Wenta-Muchalska; Barbara Bilska
June 2005
Laboratory Animals;Jun2005, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p284
Academic Journal
Cryopreservation enables banking of embryos for future use in medicine and in animal breeding. It also enables protection of germ plasm of endangered species and unique strains or lanes of laboratory animals. This paper describes an example of employing a vitrification method for banking of embryos of a unique lane of rabbit.The paralytic tremor (pt) rabbit is an X-linked recessive mutant lane of the Chinchilla breed characterized by hypomyelination of the central nervous system. In order to obtain a sufficient number of embryos, pt females were subjected to superovulation and surgical embryo collection. All suitable embryos were vitrified in 0.25 mL insemination straws in a modified EFS vitrification solution comprised of ethylene glycol (40%), Ficoll 70 (18%) and sucrose (0.3 M) in Hepes buffered TCM medium containing 20% fetal calf serum.In order to assess the efficiency of the vitrification procedure, a representative portion of vitrified embryos was warmed after a period of storage. Warmed embryos were subjected to in vitro culture for 72 h or were transferred to the uterus of synchronized recipients. The majority of the 141 warmed embryos survived vitrification and 100/141 (71%) developed to the blastocyst stage. Moreover, out of an additional 34 warmed embryos transferred to four recipients, eight (23.5%) developed to term and seven live pups were born. Six of the rabbit pups exhibited paralytic tremor symptoms typical for the pt lane.Although the overall efficiency of the vitrification method was lower compared with the effects usually achieved for 'healthy' embryos, results presented confirm the real possibility of the future restoration of the colony of pt rabbit, if sufficient number of embryos are cryopreserved.


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