Szentagotai, Aurora; Schnur, Julie; DiGiuseppe, Raymond; Macavei, Bianca; Kallay, Eva; David, Daniel
September 2005
Journal of Cognitive & Behavioral Psychotherapies;Sep2005, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p139
Academic Journal
An important question that cognitive-behavioral and rational-emotive therapy (CBT/REBT) needs to address concerns the organization and the nature of cognitions we refer to as irrational beliefs (IBs). Some authors argue that IBs are evaluative (hot) cognitions and as such, they should be linked to appraisal theory, while others argue that IBs are organized as schemas (cold cognitions), and should be related to schema theory. The three studies in the present article address the issue of the nature of IBs, using schema theory as a research tool. Our findings indicate that whereas demandingness (DEM) and global evaluation/self-downing (GE/SD) seem to be organized as schemas (study 2), awfulizing/catastrophizing (AWF) (study 1) and frustration intolerance (FI) (study 3) can be better conceptualized in terms of appraisal. In addition, DEM seems to be strongly associated with GE/SD, AWF, and FI; this finding supports the CBT/REBT assumption about DEM being the core irrational belief.


Related Articles

  • Effects of Self-Schema Elaboration on Affective and Cognitive Reactions to Self-Relevant Information. Petersen, Lars-Eric; Stahlberg, Dagmar; Dauenheimer, Dirk // Genetic, Social & General Psychology Monographs;Feb2000, Vol. 126 Issue 1, p25 

    ABSTRACT. The basic assumption of the integrative self-schema model (ISSM; L.-E. Petersen, 1994; L.-E. Petersen, D. Stahlberg, & D. Dauenheimer, 1996; D. Stahlberg, L.- E. Petersen, & D. Dauenheimer, 1994, 1999) is that self-schema elaboration (schematic vs. aschematic) affects reactions to...

  • RELATION OF IRRATIONAL THINKING AND THE PESSIMISTIC EXPLANATORY STYLE. Ziegler, Daniel J.; Hawley, Janine L. // Psychological Reports;Apr2001, Vol. 88 Issue 2, p483 

    Investigates the possible relationship between Ellis' construct of irrational thinking and Seligman's construct of explanatory style with a view towards possibly strengthening the personality theory underlying Rational Emotive Behavior Therapy. Definition of low frustration tolerance.

  • Self-Understanding, Empathy, Guided Discovery, and Schema Belief in Schema-Focused Cognitive Therapy of Personality Problems: A Process–Outcome Study. Hoffart, Asle; Versland, Sivert; Sexton, Harold // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Apr2002, Vol. 26 Issue 2, p199 

    The aim of this study was to examine the dispositional and/or episodic influences of the process variables of self-understanding, empathy, guided discovery, and convictions about primary early maladaptive schema, which are central concepts in the schema-focused cognitive therapy of personality...

  • Schema-Focused Therapy: An Integrative Approach to Psychotherapy Supervision.  // Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy;Summer1998, Vol. 12 Issue 2, p109 

    No abstract available.

  • Are inappropriate or dysfunctional feelings in rational-emotive therapy qualitative or quantitative? Ellis, Albert; DiGiuseppe, Raymond // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Oct93, Vol. 17 Issue 5, p471 

    Presents a reply to Cramer and Fong's findings that inappropriate or dysfunctional feelings are quantitatively rather than qualitatively different from appropriate or functional feelings. Rational-emotive view; Behavioral results; Correlation with demands rather than preferences; Similarity...

  • The Developmental Origins of Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression: Negative Interpersonal Context Leads to Personal Vulnerability. Alloy, Lauren B. // Cognitive Therapy & Research;Aug2001, Vol. 25 Issue 4, p349 

    The articles in this special issue address empirically potential developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression. The findings from these studies converge on the theme that the nature of the interpersonal context within which individuals develop is central to the emergence of...

  • The truth is out there. Forrest, Anita // BMJ: British Medical Journal (International Edition);12/13/97, Vol. 315 Issue 7122, p1629 

    Discusses how the author discovered the importance of cognitive behaviour therapy (CBT) while suffering from a depressive illness resistant to various physical treatments. Mechanism of cognitive behaviour therapy; Aim of the behavioural element of CBT; Aim of cognitive therapy.

  • Cognitive Development and Cognitive Therapy. Leahy, Robert L. // Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy;Fall1995, Vol. 9 Issue 3, p173 

    Beck's cognitive theory of psychopathology is integrated with Piaget's and Bowlby's structural cognitive-developmental theories. Automatic thought distortions, maladaptive assumptions, and early maladaptive schemas are formed at the preoperational level of intelligence and are marked by...

  • Schema Theory: A Framework for Research and Practice in Psychotherapy. Pace, Terry M. // Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy;Fall1988, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p147 

    Both the nature of human problems and the process of behavioral change are increasingly being viewed from a cognitive-structural perspective. The concept of a cognitive schema seems to be the major theoretical construct used by researchers studying how cognitive structures influence human...


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics