TITLE

THE ORGANIZATION AND THE NATURE OF IRRATIONAL BELIEFS: SCHEMAS OR APPRAISAL?

AUTHOR(S)
Szentagotai, Aurora; Schnur, Julie; DiGiuseppe, Raymond; Macavei, Bianca; Kallay, Eva; David, Daniel
PUB. DATE
September 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Cognitive & Behavioral Psychotherapies;Sep2005, Vol. 5 Issue 2, p139
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
An important question that cognitive-behavioral and rational-emotive therapy (CBT/REBT) needs to address concerns the organization and the nature of cognitions we refer to as irrational beliefs (IBs). Some authors argue that IBs are evaluative (hot) cognitions and as such, they should be linked to appraisal theory, while others argue that IBs are organized as schemas (cold cognitions), and should be related to schema theory. The three studies in the present article address the issue of the nature of IBs, using schema theory as a research tool. Our findings indicate that whereas demandingness (DEM) and global evaluation/self-downing (GE/SD) seem to be organized as schemas (study 2), awfulizing/catastrophizing (AWF) (study 1) and frustration intolerance (FI) (study 3) can be better conceptualized in terms of appraisal. In addition, DEM seems to be strongly associated with GE/SD, AWF, and FI; this finding supports the CBT/REBT assumption about DEM being the core irrational belief.
ACCESSION #
18487281

 

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