TITLE

Amniotic Fluid Cardiac Troponin T in Pathological Pregnancies with Evidence of Chronic Fetal Hypoxia

AUTHOR(S)
Stefanović, Vedran; Loukovaara, Mikko
PUB. DATE
October 2005
SOURCE
Croatian Medical Journal;2005, Vol. 46 Issue 5, p801
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Aim To determine if prenatally measured cardiac troponin T in the amniotic fluid (Am-TnT) could be used as a marker of fetal myocardial hypoxia and necrosis in pathological pregnancy characterized by increased concentration of amniotic fluid erythropoietin (Am-EPO) as a sign of chronic fetal hypoxia. Method We measured Am-TnT and Am-EPO in 29 pathological and 5 uncomplicated pregnancies. Samples of amniotic fluid were collected prospectively during elective amniocentesis (n=15), cesarean sections (n=17), and before elective induction of labor in two pregnancies with stillbirth. Am-TnT and Am-EPO were determined by chemiluminescent immunological method. Results Am-TnT was undetectable in normal pregnancies, but it was detectable in 9 of 29 amniotic fluid samples from pathological pregnancies, with a median value of 0.030 µg/L (range, 0.010-111.6 µg/L). Am-EPO values were above normal values (>11 U/L) in all pathological pregnancies. Am-EPO concentration showed positive correlation with the Am-TnT concentration (r=0.526, P=0.003). Median concentration of Am-EPO in 9 pregnancies with detectable Am-TnT was 198 U/L (range, 16-3,378 U/L). In 20 pathologic pregnancies with undetectable Am-TnT, the median concentration of Am-EPO was 39 U/L (range, 12-293 U/L). There was no statistically significant difference between the groups (P=0.051). Conclusion Am-TnT is measurable in some pathological pregnancies with signs of fetal chronic hypoxia andmyocardial involvement and could be potentially used as a biochemical marker of fetalmyocardial injury.
ACCESSION #
18487252

 

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