VATS Anatomic Pulmonary Resection in Octogenarians

McVay, Carie L.; Pickens, Allan; Fuller, Clark; Houck, Ward; McKenna Jr., Robert
September 2005
American Surgeon;Sep2005, Vol. 71 Issue 9, p791
Academic Journal
Although modern techniques in anesthesia and surgery have reduced morbidity and mortality for pulmonary resection, some physicians still consider advanced age a contraindication to resection of lung cancer. We examined our experience with VATS lobectomy in octogenarians at Cedars-Sinai Medical Center over 12 years (1992-2004). There were 159 patients. Mean age was 83 years (range, 80-94 years) consisting of 61 males (38%) and 96 females (62%). Operations included 153 lobectomies (96%), 3 bilobectomies (2%), and 3 pneumonectomies (2%). Two operations were converted to thoracotomy (1%), one due to bleeding, and one due to poor visualization. Median hospital stay was 4.00 ± 6.39 days. One hundred thirty-one patients (82%) had no complications. The most common complication was arrhythmias occurring in 8/159 (5%) patients. There were three perioperative deaths (1.8%). Pathology revealed 104 adenocarcinomas (65%), 25 squamous cell carcinomas (16%), 5 adeno-squamous carcinomas (3%), 7 bronchoalveolar carcinomas (4%), 7 large cell carcinomas (4%), 4 carcinoid tumors (3%), 4 non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) (3%), 1 mucoepidermoid carcinoma (<1%), 1 lymphoma (<1%), and 1 pulmonary metastasis (<1%). Median follow-up was 29 months. The results of this series show that age alone is not a contraindication to the surgical treatment of lung cancer.


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