TITLE

Pulmonary intravascular volume can be used for dose calculation in isolated lung perfusion

AUTHOR(S)
Putte, Bart P. van; Huisman, Albert; Hendriks, Jeroen M.H.; Schil, Paul E.Y. van; Boven, Wim J. van; Schramel, Franz; Nijkamp, Frans; Folkerts, Gert
PUB. DATE
October 2005
SOURCE
European Journal of Cardio-Thoracic Surgery;Oct2005, Vol. 28 Issue 4, p594
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Abstract: Introduction: Isolated lung perfusion (ILuP) is an experimental surgical technique for the treatment of pulmonary metastases. Phase I trials showed a wide range in drug lung levels. This may be due to the variance of lung size and pulmonary intravascular volume (PIV). Therefore, we developed a method to assess PIV and investigated the relation of PIV and dry lung weight (DLW). Material and methods: Thirty-two rats of 555±8 and 199±5g underwent left ILuP two, four and eight minutes. Venous effluent was analyzed for haemoglobin, red blood cells (RBC), leucocytes, platelets, albumin and creatinine. PIV was calculated by dividing the product of perfusate volume and post-ILuP parameter by the difference between post-ILuP and pre-ILuP parameter. Results: No significant differences in PIV for all perfusion times were noted between the different variables (P=0.14). Based on haemoglobin (P<0.0009), RBC (P=0.006), leucocytes (P=0.0003), platelets (P=0.017) and creatinine (P=0.003) analysis, PIV was significantly smaller in rats of 199g while PIV/DLW ratio was not significantly different. Conclusion: Because PIV/DLW ratio is independent of body weight, we advocate PIV calculation using haemoglobin and RBC as an excellent parameter for drug dose calculation during ILuP intraoperatively in order to achieve more reproducible local drug levels and higher efficacy.
ACCESSION #
18343258

 

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