Subtypes of Severe Speech and Language Impairments: Psychometric Evidence From 4-Year-Old Children in the Netherlands

van Daal, John; Verhoeven, Ludo; van Balkom, Hans
December 2004
Journal of Speech, Language & Hearing Research;Dec2004, Vol. 47 Issue 6, p1411
Academic Journal
Most, if not all, of the studies of subtypes of children with Language impairments have been conducted with English-speaking Children. The possibility and validity of identified subtypes for non-English clinical populations are, as yet, unknown. This study was designed to provide cross-linguistic evidence of language subtypes. A broad battery of tests was administered to measure the phonological, lexical, morphosyntactic, semantic, discourse, and pragmatic abilities of a representative sample of 110 4-year-old Dutch children who had been previously diagnosed as severely speech and language impaired. Principal components analyses revealed 4 subtypes of speech and language impairments, which were labeled lexical-semantic, speech production, syntactic-sequential, and auditory perception. These results were consistent with recent theoretical claims about the classification of English-speaking children with speech and language impairments.


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