Wallace, Scott; S. W.
October 2005
Smithsonian;Oct2005, Vol. 36 Issue 7, p48
Discusses the controversial debate on whether or not the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) should be opened for oil exploration. Debate between the oil industry and environmentalists, between Republicans and Democrats, which centers on issues of self-sufficiency versus preservation of pristine wilderness; Fears of the Gwich'in, a traditionalist native Alaskan people in the ANWR, that drilling will end their existence as caribou hunters; Worries of the Inupiat Eskimo, a modernized native people, that without the development of ANWR's gas and oil reserves, the money to support their modern comforts will disappear; Possible effects of oil drilling on the caribou, which is the only animal among ANWR's abundant wildlife that migrates throughout the ANWR. INSET: ON A CARIBOU HUNT.


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