Researching Catastrophic Environmental Changes on Northern Coastlines: A Geoarchaeological Case Study from the Shetland Islands

Bigelow, Gerald E.; Ferrante, Stephanie M.; Hall, Samuel T.; Kimball, Lisa M.; Proctor, Robert E.; Remington, Sue L.
January 2005
Arctic Anthropology;2005, Vol. 42 Issue 1, p88
Academic Journal
The Shetland Islands Climate and Settlement Project is researching the settlement histories and local ecologies of fragile coastal sand environments in the easternmost of the Norse North Atlantic regions during the past two millennia. North Atlantic coastal sands were settled heavily in some periods, but abandoned at other times. The pioneering climate historian H. H. Lamb proposed that these areas have been subject to periodic landscape destabilization catalyzed by extreme storminess related to global climate changes. It is also likely that human land use and burrowing by rabbits have contributed to the onset of sand blows. Through excavating well-preserved settlements, studying associated sand deposits in high resolution, and exploiting documentary evidence of eolian sand disasters, the SICSP is exploring connections between Little Ice Age climate processes, regional extreme weather, and human adaptations in a northern archipelago strongly influenced by trends in the North Atlantic Current and the North Atlantic Oscillation.


Related Articles

  • Committee Improves Paper Trail on Climate Change.  // Sea Technology;Nov2007, Vol. 48 Issue 11, p68 

    The article reports that a climate change research has made progress in documenting and understanding temperature trends and related environmental changes on a global scale. According to a report from a National Research Council committee, the ability to predict future climate changes has...

  • The Role of Stratification-Dependent Mixing for the Stability of the Atlantic Overturning in a Global Climate Model. Marzeion, Ben; Levermann, Anders; Mignot, Juliette // Journal of Physical Oceanography;Nov2007, Vol. 37 Issue 11, p2672 

    Using the “CLIMBER-3α” coupled climate model of intermediate complexity, the effect of a stratification-dependent vertical diffusivity on the sensitivity of the Atlantic Ocean meridional overturning circulation to perturbations in freshwater forcing is investigated. The vertical...

  • Structural and Process History of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. Shardul Agrawala // Climatic Change;Aug1998, Vol. 39 Issue 4, p621 

    In the nine years since its establishment in 1988, the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) has attempted to walk the tightrope of being scientifically sound and politically acceptable. This paper investigates how the IPCC has evolved over two assessment cycles. It provides an...

  • On Climate Variations and Changes Observed in South Korea. Yong-Seung Chung; Ma-Byung Yoon; Hak-Sung Kim // Climatic Change;Sep2004, Vol. 66 Issue 1/2, p151 

    This study describes observations on possible climate changes occurring on the Korean Peninsula. We found that in large urban and industrial areas in Korea, there has been a significant increase in the annual mean temperatures according to data of the past 29 years. The increase in January...

  • CLIMATE CHANGE: FIELD LEVEL UNDERSTANDING OF A SELECTED STAKEHOLDER. Sharmin, Shuchita // OIDA International Journal of Sustainable Development;2011, Vol. 3 Issue 4, p31 

    Bangladesh is one of the most climate vulnerable countries. For several years, through raising concern on climate change vulnerabilities in different international forums, adapting National Adaptation Programme of Action (NAPA), Bangladesh Climate Change Strategy and Action Plan (BCCSAP) and...

  • Forecast calls for more extreme weather. Brock, Ed // American City & County Exclusive Insight;6/ 1/2011, p4 

    The article reports that during a May 18, 2011 teleconference sponsored by the Cambridge, Massachusetts-based Union of Concerned Scientists, environmental researchers have warned that regular weather patterns are slowly changing due to global warming, and extreme weather conditions are becoming...

  • Global warming. Soon, Willie; Baliunas, Sallie // Progress in Physical Geography;Sep2003, Vol. 27 Issue 3, p448 

    Focuses on the role of General Circulation Models (GCM) as a tool for describing and predicting global warming and related geographical pattern of climate change from carbon dioxide added to earth's surface. Validation problems in climate modeling and GCM; Reason for deficiencies in calculating...

  • CHARACTERIZING THE GALAPAGOS TERRESTRIAL CLIMATE IN THE FACE OF GLOBAL CLIMATE CHANGE. Trueman, Mandy; d'Ozouville, Noémi // Galapagos Research;Oct2010, Issue 67, p26 

    The position of Galapagos in the Eastern Pacific gives it a unique seasonal climate that is atypical of other equatorial oceanic islands. Conditions are influenced by the interaction of ocean currents and winds, governed by the movement of the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone, and by the periodic...

  • I. INTRODUCTION. PETERSON, THONAS C.; STOTT, PETER A.; HERRING, STEPHANIE C.; HOERUNG, MARTIN P. // Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society;Sep2013 Supplement, pS1 

    An introduction to the journal is presented in which the editor discusses papers published within the issue about different extreme climate events.


Read the Article


Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics