TITLE

Waiting Strategies for Dynamic Vehicle Routing

AUTHOR(S)
Branke, J├╝rgen; Middendorf, Martin; Noeth, Guntram; Dessouky, Maged
PUB. DATE
August 2005
SOURCE
Transportation Science;Aug2005, Vol. 39 Issue 3, p298
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Many real-world vehicle routing problems are dynamic optimization problems, with customer requests arriving over time, requiring a repeated reoptimization. In this paper, we consider a dynamic vehicle routing problem where one additional customer arrives at a beforehand unknown location when the vehicles are already under way. Our objective is to maximize the probability that the additional customer can be integrated into one of the otherwise fixed tours without violating time constraints. This is achieved by letting the vehicles wait at suitable locations during their tours, thus influencing the position of the vehicles at the time when the new customer arrives. For the cases of one and two vehicles, we derive theoretical results about the best waiting strategies. The general problem is shown to be NP-complete. Several deterministic waiting strategies and an evolutionary algorithm to optimize the waiting strategy are proposed and compared empirically. I is demonstrated that a proper waiting strategy can significantly increase the probability of being able to service the additional customer, at the same time reducing the average detour to serve that customer.
ACCESSION #
18229363

 

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