TITLE

Humanitarian Assistance: Protecting Refugee Women and Girls Remains a Significant Challenge: GAO-03-663

PUB. DATE
May 2003
SOURCE
GAO Reports;5/23/2003, p1
SOURCE TYPE
Government Documents
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Women and children refugees, who comprise 80 percent of the estimated 12 million refugees worldwide, are among the world's most vulnerable populations. They are subject to gender-based violence, including physical harm, rape, and unequal access to humanitarian assistance. GAO was asked to (1) assess efforts by the U.N. High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) to protect refugees, especially with regard to women and girls; (2) determine what steps U.N. and international organizations have taken to prevent sexual exploitation of refugee women by humanitarian workers; and (3) describe U.S. government efforts to support adequate protection for vulnerable populations. UNHCR and international organizations have developed guidelines, best practices, and other measures to improve protection of refugee women and girls. However, weaknesses in its staffing process and training limit the effectiveness of these measures. UNHCR lacks a formal strategic workforce plan that links the organization's objectives, resources, and staffing; its staff assignment and rotation policies have resulted in extended vacancies at key protection posts; and it provides little practical training for most UNHCR and implementing partner staff on protection concepts and techniques. UNHCR could also make better use of partnering arrangements with nongovernmental and international organizations to boost its protection capacity. In response to allegations in 2001 of sexual abuse and exploitation of women and girl refugees by relief workers and peacekeepers, the U.N. and other international organizations introduced policies and procedures to address the problem, such as codes of conduct and mechanisms to report and act on new allegations of abuse of power. While these efforts have raised awareness among workers in refugee settings, international organizations face continuing sexual exploitation of women by relief workers, and the issue remains a real and significant problem. The U.S. government, through the Department of State, supports the protection of refugees and other vulnerable populations primarily through its funding to international organizations. It is also a strong advocate at the United Nations, within international organizations, and at the country level to increase protection efforts.
ACCESSION #
18214798

 

Related Articles

  • HANDS across the waters. Rollins, Gina // H&HN: Hospitals & Health Networks;Jul2004, Vol. 78 Issue 7, p52 

    Focuses on the efforts of hospitals in the U.S. to participate in international relief initiatives. Reasons behind the participation of American hospitals; Advantage of working with international supply groups to hospitals.

  • Making Aid Work: Banerjee's approach might teach us more about impact but at the expense of larger matters. Bates, Robert H. // Boston Review;Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p15 

    This article asserts that economics professor Abhijit Banerjee seeks to repel criticisms from two camps by advocating the use of randomized trials to evaluate development aid. First is from those who are skeptical of the way aid is spent. Second is from those who emphasize the scientific...

  • Making Aid Work: Development aid will never succeed without the support and ownership of its recipients. Barbery, Carlos // Boston Review;Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p15 

    This article discusses challenges confronting development-aid institutions. These include choosing the most appropriate projects for support, coordinating financial and technical resource flows and measuring the effect of those efforts. According to the author, these are difficult problems to...

  • Elephants in the humanitarian room. Morris, Tim // Forced Migration Review;Dec2007, Vol. 1 Issue 29, p48 

    The article addresses the concern of those within the humanitarian community at the speed of roll-out of the Cluster Approach. Some within the community worry about the Cluster Approach proving to be overly labour intensive. Also, some donors are worried at the cost of the clusters and...

  • Goodwill Missions.  // National Review;8/29/1994, Vol. 46 Issue 16, p19 

    This article considers the strengthening of the United Nations' capability to provide relief efforts and role of the U.S. military in these civic missions. The U.S. military is playing an active role in providing relief efforts, but their expanded peacekeeping role is affecting other operational...

  • Making Aid Work: The best argument for the experimental approach is that it spurs innovation. Banerjee, Abhijit // Boston Review;Jul/Aug2006, Vol. 31 Issue 4, p19 

    This article focuses on the experimental approach in world aid giving. The best argument for the experimental approach is that it spurs innovation by making it easy to see what works. The author was very much impressed by Jagdish Bhagwati's idea of a Gray Peace Corps as a way of dealing skills...

  • UNCONSTITUTIONALITY OF GOVERNMENT-FUNDED FOREIGN HUMANITARIAN AID FROM THE ORIGINALIST PERSPECTIVE. Alkire, Christina A. // California Western Law Review;Fall2013, Vol. 50 Issue 1, p133 

    The article focuses on the unconstitutionality of the government-funded foreign humanitarian aid from the perspectives of originalist. Topics discussed include no role of the foreign humanitarian aid in common defense as well as the general welfare of the United States, presence of the...

  • Into Africa: A Low-Profile, High-Impact Charity. Harrison, Roger // Washington Report on Middle East Affairs;Dec2004, Vol. 23 Issue 10, p36 

    The article reports on poverty elevation programs of a relief organization working for African Countries. From that continent, images of ragged African women carrying inert, staring babies, with abdomens bloated from starvation, are the common currency of television reportage. Lack of viewer...

  • Humanitarian Aviation. Petersen, Angelie // Journal of International Peace Operations;Jul/Aug2009, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p15 

    The article focuses on the significance of humanitarian aviation as a primary constituent of humanitarian assistance. Humanitarian aviation is considered one of the vital elements of increasing access to humanitarian challenges. It points out that humanitarian aviation providers' scope and size...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics