TITLE

DEMANDING BRAIN: BETWEEN SHOULD AND SHOULDN'T

AUTHOR(S)
Tiba, Alexandru
PUB. DATE
March 2005
SOURCE
Journal of Cognitive & Behavioral Psychotherapies;Mar2005, Vol. 5 Issue 1, p43
SOURCE TYPE
Academic Journal
DOC. TYPE
Article
ABSTRACT
Albert Ellis' cognitive theory of emotions makes a major distinction between positive and negative demandingness and preferences, but up to now there is no scale that makes this distinction evident. The main goal of this study is to validate this distinction by showing that positive and negative evaluative beliefs are separately associated with two distinct motivational brain systems: the approach/withdrawal systems. Participants (N=46) were tested with a modified version of the ABS II scale, allowing the distinction between positive and negative evaluative beliefs; subsequently they completed the BIS/BAS scales (Carver & White, 1994). Results show that positive demandingness and irrationality, but not preferences, strongly correlate with approach system sensitivity (BAS scores), while negative demandingness and irrationality, but not preferences, strongly correlate with withdrawal system sensitivity (BIS scores). This study suggests that individuals tend to develop positive and negative demandingness depending on the approach/withdrawal motivational systems sensitivity. Implications for emotional reactions and therapy are also discussed.
ACCESSION #
18046127

 

Related Articles

  • Cultural neuroscience of the self: understanding the social grounding of the brain. Kitayama, Shinobu; Park, Jiyoung // Social Cognitive & Affective Neuroscience;Jun2010, Vol. 5 Issue 2/3, p111 

    Cultural neuroscience is an interdisciplinary field of research that investigates interrelations among culture, mind and the brain. Drawing on both the growing body of scientific evidence on cultural variation in psychological processes and the recent development of social and cognitive...

  • The Process Mechanism of Anger. Xiujuan Jing; Yifeng Wang; Rongyan Wang; Hong Li // Advances in Psychology (21607273);Jul2012, Vol. 2 Issue 3, p134 

    Anger is a kind of emotion caused by provocative stimuli. According to the valence hypothesis and the motivation hypothesis, anger is a negative emotion prone to approach motivation. Recent behavioral and neuroimaging studies, however, challenged these hypotheses. Some researchers explained...

  • How need for cognition and perceived control are differentially linked to emotional outcomes in the transition to retirement. Bye, Dorothea; Pushkar, Dolores // Motivation & Emotion;Sep2009, Vol. 33 Issue 3, p320 

    This study contrasts how need for cognition and perceived control relate to positive and negative affect in 351 adults experiencing the transition to retirement (age range 44–79 years, M = 60). Structural equation modeling was used to identify significant pathways between exogenous...

  • Effect of space flight factors simulated in ground-based experiments on the behavior, discriminant learning, and exchange of monoamines in different brain structures of rats. Shtemberg, A.; Lebedeva-Georgievskaya, K.; Matveeva, M.; Kudrin, V.; Narkevich, V.; Klodt, P.; Bazyan, A. // Biology Bulletin;Apr2014, Vol. 41 Issue 2, p161 

    Experimental treatment (long-term fractionated γ-irradiation, antiorthostatic hypodynamia, and the combination of these factors) simulating the effect of space flight in ground-based experiments rapidly restored the motor and orienting-investigative activity of animals (rats) in 'open-field'...

  • Why Don't You Try Harder? An Investigation of Effort Production in Major Depression. Cléry-Melin, Marie-Laure; Schmidt, Liane; Lafargue, Gilles; Baup, Nicolas; Fossati, Philippe; Pessiglione, Mathias // PLoS ONE;2011, Vol. 6 Issue 8, p1 

    Depression is mainly characterized as an emotional disorder, associated with reduced approach behavior. It remains unclear whether the difficulty in energising behavior relates to abnormal emotional states or to a flattened response to potential rewards, as suggested by several neuroimaging...

  • Why Your Mind Has A Mind of Its Own.  // Wilson Quarterly;Spring2006, Vol. 30 Issue 2, p90 

    An excerpt from the article "The Vulcanization of the Human Brain: A Neural Perspective on Interactions Between Cognition and Emotion," by Jonathan D. Cohen in the fall 2005 issue of "The Journal of Economic Perspectives" is presented.

  • Promising Problems and General Characteristics of Motivation. Viliunas, Vytis // Journal of Russian & East European Psychology;Sep/Oct2007, Vol. 45 Issue 5, p36 

    The article discusses the promising problems of contemporary psychology and general characteristics of human motivation. It is stated that the important promising problem is the problem of the stratum in the psyche in which motivation and emotions lie. It is emphasized that the interaction...

  • A GROUNDED COGNITION PERSPECTIVE ON IRRATIONAL BELIEFS IN RATIONAL EMOTIVE BEHAVIOR THERAPY. Tiba, Alexandru I. // Journal of Cognitive & Behavioral Psychotherapies;Mar2010, Vol. 10 Issue 1, p87 

    Knowledge has been the subject of different controversial theories in psychology; recently the idea that knowledge is grounded in the modal systems of the brain has gained considerable evidence. This paper discusses applications of the grounded cognition theory to irrational beliefs, a main...

  • Pure Cognitivism and Beyond. Tanyi, Attila // Acta Analytica;Autumn2014, Vol. 29 Issue 3, p331 

    The article begins with Jonathan Dancy's attempt to refute the Humean Theory of Motivation. It first spells out Dancy's argument for his alternative position, the view he labels 'Pure Cognitivism', according to which what motivate are always beliefs, never desires. The article next argues that...

Share

Read the Article

Courtesy of THE LIBRARY OF VIRGINIA

Sorry, but this item is not currently available from your library.

Try another library?
Sign out of this library

Other Topics