Auerbach, Jerold S.
September 2005
Society;Sep/Oct2005, Vol. 42 Issue 6, p9
Academic Journal
This article discusses the formation of the civil rights movement in the U.S. during the 1960s. Civil rights leader Martin Luther King, Jr. understood that disobedience, if it was to be translated into freedom and equality, must remain non-violent. Non-violent action, King conceded, seeks to create such a crisis and foster such a tension that a community which has constantly refused to negotiate is forced to confront the issue. In the South, Stokely Carmichael, president of the Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee, terminated the organization's bi-racial commitment, declaring that whites' role in the movement has ended. Dismissing white participants as colonizers and insisting that freedom of the African Americans depended on black power, Carmichael founded the Black Panther Party.


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