Electro-optic characteristics and switching principle of a single-cell-gap transflective liquid-crystal display associated with in-plane rotation of liquid crystal driven by a fringe-field

Song, J. H.; Lim, Y. J.; Lee, M.-H.; Lee, S. H.; Shin, S. T.
July 2005
Applied Physics Letters;7/4/2005, Vol. 87 Issue 1, p011108
Academic Journal
A single-gap transflective liquid-crystal (LC) display associated with in-plane rotation of the LC director was designed. In the device, a fringe electric field drives to rotate a homogeneously aligned LC in plane to optimize polarization efficiency. Rotating degrees of the LC director, 22.5° and 45° were required in both reflective and transmissive regions, respectively. In the device, the cell gap was the same for both regions, and a dark state was irrespective of the cell retardation value at normal direction, which was highly important in massive fabrications. The switching principle and electro-optic characteristics of the device are reported herein.


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