Internal high-reflectivity omni-directional reflectors

Xi, J.-Q.; Ojha, Manas; Plawsky, J. L.; Gill, W. N.; Kim, Jong Kyu; Schubert, E. F.
July 2005
Applied Physics Letters;7/18/2005, Vol. 87 Issue 3, p031111
Academic Journal
An internal high-reflectivity omni-directional reflector (ODR) for the visible spectrum is realized by the combination of total internal reflection using a low-refractive-index (low-n) material and reflection from a one-dimensional photonic crystal (1D PC). The low-n layer limits the range of angles in the 1D PC to values below the Brewster angle, thereby enabling high reflectivity and omni-directionality. This ODR is demonstrated using GaP as ambient, nanoporous SiO2 with a very low refractive index (n=1.10), and a four-pair TiO2/SiO2 multilayer stack. The results indicate a two orders of magnitude lower angle-integrated transverse-electric-transverse-magnetic polarization averaged mirror loss of the ODR compared with conventional distributed Bragg reflectors and metal reflectors. This indicates the high potential of the internal ODRs for optoelectronic semiconductor devices, e.g., light-emitting diodes.


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