High prevalence of oral colonization by Candida dubliniensis in HIV-positive patients in Argentina

Binolfi, Andrés; Biasoli, Marisa S.; Luque, Alicia G.; Tosello, María E.; Magaró, Hortensia M.
August 2005
Medical Mycology;Aug2005, Vol. 43 Issue 5, p431
Academic Journal
Candida dubliniensis is a recently described yeast species, closely related to Candida albicans . This work represents the first general survey of the carriage of C. dubliniensis in the oral cavities of HIV-positive patients in Argentina. We studied 133 strains isolated from 162 HIV-positive patients, using the following identification tests: chlamydospore production on corn meal agar with Tween 80; colony color on CHROMagar Candida media; differential growth at 45°C on potato dextrose agar; D-xylose assimilation; chlamydospore formation on sunflower seed agar (SSA); carbohydrate assimilation profiles using the API 20 C Aux commercial kit and PCR using primers that hybridize to the class IV intron of the ACT1 gene. Out of the 133 strains, 21 were identified as C. dubliniensis, representing approximately 13% of the 162 patients in this study. From these data, we conclude that although the PCR assay is the most reliable method, clamydospore formation on SSA is an easier and less expensive test for the screening of C. dubliniensis in the routine laboratory. Our results show that C. dubliniensis has a high prevalence among HIV-positive patients in Argentina.


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