The road to independence

Banting, Erinn
January 2003
Afghanistan: The People;2003, p10
This article summarizes the history of Afghanistan's independence. In 1747, after the Persian ruler of Afghanistan, was assassinated, the Afghans declared their independence. The Pashtun tribes united under Arab leader Ahmad Shah came to be known as the Durrani tribe. Another war broke out in 1878 and ended in 1880 when an agreement was signed that allowed the British to control Afghanistan's relationships with other countries, but allowed Afghanistan to rule itself. In 1893, Abdur Rahman Khan and Sir Mortimer Durand, a member of the British government ruling India at the time, signed the Durand Agreement, which set the boundaries of present-day Afghanistan. In 1973, with the help of the Soviet Union, Afghanistan's King, Zahir Shah, was overthrown by his cousin Mohammad Daoud Khan, a former prime minister.


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