History and 50 years experience in orthognathic surgery

Obwegeser, J. A.
April 2005
Stomatologie;2005, Vol. 102 Issue 2, p27
Academic Journal
The development of orthognathic surgery reaches back to the middle of the 19th century. The real progress in this field was carried out, however, during the last 50 years. The inauguration of the sagittal splitting procedure of the mandibular rami, first time performed by Hugo Obwegeser in spring 1953, was the start of modern corrective surgery of the facial skeleton. It was soon followed by other important procedures. Nowadays we are able to move every part of the facial framework in any arbitrary position in order to improve the patient's appearance and condition for a normal life. Technological innovations, such as rigid osteosynthesis techniques, resulted in an improvement of long-term stability of the results. The introduction of distraction osteogenesis with the possibility of gradual bone and soft tissue expansion brought further progress and a simplification of the treatment for many syndromal cases.


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