'Defensive elitism' and early craft unions in the wrought iron industry after 1850: Britain, the USA and Germany in comparative perspective

Welskopp, Thomas
December 1993
Labour History Review (Maney Publishing);Winter93, Vol. 58 Issue 3, p13
Academic Journal
This article studies the development of workplace relations and industrial relations in treatment of craft unions in wrought iron industries after 1850 in the U.S. and Germany in comparative perspective. Mass production of iron took place in puddling furnaces. The development of knowledge and skill was inseparable from the execution of manual labor. Fragmentation of the production process necessarily decentralized decision-making and ruled out direct supervision by company management.


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